Bernie Sanders 2016 Presidential Campaign – Wikipedia

In the 2016 presidential marketing campaign, Vermont Senator Bernie SBernie SBernie Sanders anders anders sought the Bernie Sanders Democratic Party’s nomination in a area of six fundamental applicants and become the runner up with forty six% of the pledged delegates in the back of former Secretary of State Hillary Clinton, who gained the contest with fifty four%. Sanders, the junior United States Senator and previous Representative Bernie Sanders from Vermont, commenced with an informal declaration on April 30, 2015,[eight][nine] and a proper assertion that he deliberate to seek the Democratic Party’s nomination for President of the USA on May 26, 2015, in Burlington, Vermont. Sanders had been considered a potential candidate for president when you consider that at the least September 2014.[10] Though he had previously run as an impartial, he mechanically caucused with the Democratic Party, as many of his views align with Democrats.[11] Running as a Democrat made it less difficult to participate in debates and get his call on nation ballots.[nine]

Sanders’s leader competitor for the nomination was Hillary Clinton, a former secretary of nation. Sanders drew huge crowds to his speakme events[12] and his populist and modern politics gained him unique guide among Americans underneath forty. He finished strongly with white electorate, but constantly trailed Clinton through 30 or more percentage factors among black citizens; polls confirmed a near race among Hispanic electorate.[thirteen]

Sanders centered on profits and wealth inequality, which he argued is eroding the American middle elegance, and on campaign finance reform. Unlike maximum different main presidential candidates, Sanders eschewed an unlimited first rate PAC, as a substitute selecting to get hold of most of his investment from direct man or woman marketing campaign donations.[14] In September 2015, The New York Times stated that the marketing campaign had acquired 1,000,000 character donations, turning into the first in 2015 to reach that threshold.[15][16][17]Sanders raised $20,000,000 within the month of January 2016, $5,000,000 extra than Clinton all through the identical time period, with an average donation of $27.[18] Sanders regularly stated this $27 figure on the marketing campaign trail as evidence of his grassroots assist.[19][20][21]

Following the final primary election (the District of Columbia’s, on June 14), Clinton became the presumptive Democratic nominee. Sanders did then advise Clinton, and stated he might paintings along with her to defeat the presumptive Republican nominee, Donald Trump.[22] On June 16, Sanders gave a stay on line speech to his supporters, pronouncing, “The political revolution continues”.[23]

On July 12, Sanders officially recommended Clinton at a cohesion rally along with her in Portsmouth, New Hampshire.

On July 22, 2016, various emails from the Democratic National Committee (Bernie Sanders DNC), the governing body of the Democratic Party, have been leaked and posted, revealing bias towards the Sanders campaign at the a part of the Committee and its chair, Debbie Wasserman Schultz.[24] Schultz ultimately resigned as DNC chair and become replaced by Donna Brazile, who was also implicated within the leaks and apologized to Sanders and his supporters. In the Democratic National Convention roll-call vote on July 26, 2016, Sanders received 1,865 votes (39% of the vote), which consisted of 1,848 pledged delegates won in primary and caucus contests (forty six% of the full) and 17 superdelegates (four%). After the roll name, Sanders recommend a movement to officially nominate Clinton, which surpassed by using voice vote.

Background[edit]

Sanders’s preceding political successes have been in Vermont.[25][26][27] He has been politically energetic almost his entire adult life. While in university, Sanders protested against police brutality, led a weeks-lengthy take a seat-in towards housing segregation, and worked as an organizer for the Congress of Racial Equality.[28] In 1963, he travelled to Washington D.C. to attend the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom.[25] As mayor of Burlington, Sanders performed a outstanding position in building assist in Vermont for Jesse Jackson’s presidential campaigns in 1984 and 1988.[25]

In a November 2013 interview, Sanders laid out numerous motives for mounting his own presidential run, which include international warming (present day climate change), monetary inequality, frustration with the Citizens United Supreme Court decision, and the significance of maintaining public applications like Medicare and Medicaid.[29]

In a March 6, 2014, interview with The Nation, Sanders stated that he changed into “organized to run for President of the USA” in 2016, however did no longer officially announce a marketing campaign.[30] When pressed on the difficulty, Sanders stated he become discussing the possibility with people around the country, but felt that it was premature to make an announcement.[30] After the 2014 congressional elections, Sanders persisted to talk about walking for president.[31]

On April 28, 2015, Vermont Public Radio said that Sanders could announce his candidacy for the Democratic presidential nomination on April 30.[32] In an interview with USA Today on April 29, Sanders stated that he became “running in this election to win,” and released a campaign website, successfully starting his run.[eight] Sanders stated he became prompted to go into the race by what he termed “obscene levels” of earnings disparity, and the campaign finance gadget.[33]

On May 26, 2015, Sanders officially introduced his candidacy at Burlington’s Waterfront Park.[34]

Democratic Party presidential debates[edit]

Sanders speaks with Jorge Ramos at the January 2016 Brown & Black Presidential Forum in Iowa

The 2016 Democratic Party presidential debates came about among applicants within the marketing campaign for the birthday party’s nomination for President of america in the 2016 presidential election. The Democratic National Committee (DNC) announced in May 2015 that there would be six debates. In February 2016, Clinton’s and Sanders’s campaigns agreed in principle to retaining 4 more, for a complete of ten.[35] Critics alleged that the small wide variety of debates and the schedule, with 4 of the 10 on Saturday or Sunday nights, have been a part of the DNC’s deliberate attempt to shield the the front-runner, Hillary Clinton.[36] Clinton dropped out of the 10th debate, scheduled to take region simply previous to the California elections, bringing up a want to dedicate her time making direct contact with citizens in California.[37]

A spokesperson from Fox News, the tv network that turned into to air the debate, stated, “Naturally, Fox News is disappointed that Secretary Clinton has declined our debate invitation, especially given that the race is still contested and she or he had previously agreed to a very last debate before the California number one.” Sanders spoke back, “I am disenchanted however not surprised by using Secretary Clinton’s unwillingness to debate earlier than the most important and maximum critical number one within the presidential nominating system.”[38]

Campaign[edit]

Sanders in Minneapolis dealing with the first large crowd of his marketing campaign, May 31, 2015

In a preview of his marketing campaign, Sanders told the Associated Press on April 29, 2015, that he would launch “very precise proposals” to boom taxes on the wealthy and businesses, provide loose higher training at public universities, and bypass a unmarried‑payer Medicare-for-All healthcare device. He additionally mentioned his guide for tremendous law of Wall Street and his opposition to the NAFTA and CAFTA change agreements and to the Keystone XL pipeline.[39]

He made the cornerstone of his marketing campaign the reversal of what he calls the “obscene degrees” of income and wealth inequality that have eroded the middle elegance over the last 40 years.[39]

On November 1, 2015, Sanders released his first marketing campaign advert.[40]

A Sanders campaign area workplace

Sanders said his marketing campaign would awareness on what he considered “real own family values”. “The proper has claimed the mantle of ‘family values’ for a long way too lengthy. When my Republican colleagues use the term they’re commonly speaking approximately things like opposition to birth control, denying a girl’s proper to pick out, opposition to homosexual rights, and help for abstinence-simplest education,” Sanders stated. His “real circle of relatives values” protected paid sick time, paid vacations, and get admission to to paid family depart.[forty one] On abortion rights, he remarked that “[Republicans] are pronouncing to every female in America, that she can not manipulate her personal bod[y]. I disagree. Let’s say it loud and clean: Women manage their our bodies—not the government”.[42]

Sanders stated that he could run a fine campaign with “serious debates on critical issues” and that he had “never run a bad political advert in [his] lifestyles”.[43]

Sanders said that if he were elected president, his cupboard “could now not be ruled by representatives of Wall Street”. He mentioned Paul Krugman, Joseph Stiglitz, and Robert Reich as ability cupboard participants.[44]

In December 2015, the Democratic National Committee suspended the Sanders campaign’s access to its voter information after a staffer viewed information from Hillary Clinton’s marketing campaign during a firewall failure. The staffer denied accessing the facts but the DNC showed it and Sanders apologized.[45] The Sanders campaign criticized the DNC’s reaction as excessive and threatened possible criminal action unless the Committee restored its get entry to.[forty six] The marketing campaign claimed it had warned the DNC approximately system faults in the voter document software months before.[forty seven][48] On December 18, 2015, the marketing campaign filed a lawsuit, mentioning the Committee had unfairly suspended its get right of entry to.[49] The DNC and the Sanders campaign struck a deal the equal day that restored the campaign’s get entry to to voter statistics.[50]

Addressing the platform of the the front-running Republican candidate Donald Trump in an look on Face the Nation on December 27, Sanders stated that “[m]any of Trump’s supporters are working-magnificence human beings and they are angry, and they may be angry because they are operating longer hours for lower wages, they’re irritated due to the fact their jobs have left this u . s . and gone to China or other low-wage countries, they are irritated due to the fact they can’t have enough money to ship their youngsters to college in order that they can’t retire with dignity”.[fifty one] Sanders stated that while he believed these are legitimate fears, Trump had “transformed them into anger against Mexicans, anger towards Muslims” instead of going through the real problem the American humans want to confront, “the greed of corporate America”.[fifty one] Sanders also noted that Trump desired more tax breaks for the wealthy and was against an growth inside the minimal salary.

Sanders become often wondered on the controversy over Hillary Clinton’s use of an unauthorized and unsecured private electronic mail server for her correspondence as Secretary of State, and he always refused to use the allegations of wrongdoing in his campaign message. In overdue May, while it become mentioned that a State Department inspector fashionable contradicted Clinton’s claims of no wrongdoing, Sanders changed into asked approximately it by Chuck Todd on Meet the Press. He replied, “Well, again, you know, those are areas that I actually have stayed faraway from. There is a process, people will draw their conclusions from the inspector trendy file.” Sanders went on to mention, “I want to break up the Wall Street banks. She does not. I need to raise the minimal salary to fifteen bucks an hour. She wants $12 an hour. I voted towards the War in Iraq. She voted for the War in Iraq. I trust we have to ban fracking. She does now not. I trust we need to have a tax on carbon and deal aggressively with climate alternate. That isn’t always her position. Those are some of the troubles that I am campaigning on.”[52]

Fundraising[edit]

Sanders at a city meeting in Phoenix, Arizona, July 2015

Unlike the majority of other presidential candidates, Sanders did now not pursue investment thru a Super PAC, instead focusing on small, character donations.[53]

Saying, “We now have a political scenario wherein billionaires are … capable to buy elections and candidates”,[fifty four] Sanders known as for an overturn of Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission:[55] “To equate the potential of billionaires to buy elections with ‘freedom of speech’ is absolutely absurd. The Supreme Court is paving the way closer to an oligarchic shape of society wherein a handful of billionaires like the Koch brothers and Sheldon Adelson will control our political procedure.”[fifty six]

Sanders raised over $1,500,000 within the first 24 hours after he announced his presidential campaign on April 30, 2015. This become more than the amount raised by any of the Republican applicants within the first 24 hours after their respective announcements.[fifty seven] By May five, Sanders’s marketing campaign had received about 75,000 contributions and had raised $three,000,000.[fifty eight] Required reports to the Federal Election Commission in July 2015 showed a total of $15,2 hundred,000 in donations to the Sanders marketing campaign with a mean donation of $31. On September 30, The New York Times suggested that Sanders had raised $26,000,000 over the preceding 3 months, simply brief of Hillary Clinton’s total of $28,000,000. But Clinton had held ten times as many marketing campaign donor activities as Sanders with many contributions of $2,700, the most amount allowed, at the same time as Sanders’s contributions had often been below $2 hundred.[15][sixteen][fifty nine] Sanders raised $20,000,000 inside the month of January 2016, $five,000,000 extra than Clinton all through the identical time period, with a mean donation of $27.[18] Sanders frequently noted this $27 parent at the campaign trail as evidence of his grassroots guide, or even ran a television business at the problem.[19][20][21] He also outraised Clinton in February 2016, pulling in $forty three.5 million to her $30 million.[60] During March, Sanders raised $forty four million from a donor base roughly two times as huge as Clinton’s. April donations were appreciably decrease, totaling $25.eight million.[sixty one]

In April 2016, campaign finance watchdogs and Sanders supporters expressed issues about the Hillary Victory Fund, which Clinton supporters represented as a fundraising committee composed of Clinton’s presidential campaign, the Democratic National Committee, and 32 country party committees. The setup allowed Clinton to pass donation limits and to solicit assessments of $350,000 or greater from supporters. According to Politico, “the Hillary Victory Fund appears to be pushing the boundaries of joint fundraising in its online advertising and marketing marketing campaign, which has included many ads urging readers to “Stop Trump” or to help Clinton.” In April, a Sanders marketing campaign lawyer sent an open letter to the DNC that alleged that “the victory fund was essentially a pass-through to allow Clinton to advantage from contributions that a ways exceed the amount that her marketing campaign should legally be given.” In a news release accompanying the letter, Sanders marketing campaign supervisor Jeff Weaver said “it is unparalleled for the DNC to allow a joint committee to be exploited to the benefit of 1 candidate inside the midst of a contested nominating contest.”[62]

Following the nomination of Clinton in June, Sanders thanked his campaign volunteers, pronouncing, “Let me also thank the hundreds of hundreds of volunteers in every kingdom in our united states who worked so hard on our campaign and the thousands and thousands of our contributors who confirmed the arena that we should run a a success country wide campaign based totally on small individual contributions – 2 half of million of them.”[sixty three] Sanders’s fundraising efforts had been seen as extraordinarily modern in relying on online communication with citizens and proving that a modern candidate can win presidential primaries with out the support of Super PACs and huge donors.[64]

Superdelegate support[edit]

A superdelegate is a delegate to the Democratic National Convention who’s seated automatically, no longer elected by means of citizens in a number one or caucus. Superdelegates include outstanding birthday celebration leaders and elected officials, together with all Democratic contributors of the House and Senate and sitting Democratic governors. Other superdelegates are selected all through the number one season. Democratic superdelegates are loose to support any candidate for the presidential nomination. As of May, the Democratic Party Superdelegates overwhelmingly supported Hillary Clinton.

On Face the Nation, John Dickerson requested Sanders whether the Democratic gadget became “rigged”. Sanders answered, “I would not use the word ‘rigged’ […] but what’s honestly dumb is which you have closed primaries, like in New York State, where 3 million those who are Democrats or Republicans could not participate, wherein you have got a scenario where over four hundred superdelegates came on board Clinton’s marketing campaign before every body else become in the race, 8 months before the first vote turned into cast.” Sanders went on to mention that within the states in which he had received landslide victories he believed that the superdelegates “should listen to the human beings in the ones states and vote for the candidate selected by way of the humans.”[sixty five]

Speaking activities[edit]

Sanders regularly drew huge crowds, with many stuffed to ability and a few with additional supporters out of doors who couldn’t healthy in the venue however still wanted to wait.[sixty six] Early in his marketing campaign, the media favorably in comparison his rallies’ attendance to Hillary Clinton’s.[67] Events scheduled by way of his marketing campaign were drawing “overflow crowds” across the country.[sixty eight] Sanders drew greater than seven hundred supporters to a mid-June event in Iowa, which The Wall Street Journal referred to turned into “the identical wide variety who went to a Hillary Clinton event on Sunday that featured a buffet table and a live band.”[68][69][70] After an anticipated three,000 humans attended an event in Minneapolis, Sanders said he was “Stunned. Stunned. I mean I needed to fight my way to get into the room. Standing room handiest. Minneapolis was literally beyond notion.”[68]

Beginning in June, crowds at Sanders’s events have become an awful lot larger than those of another presidential candidate who had introduced as much as that factor.[seventy one] At a June 20 appearance in Denver, Sanders drew an estimated five,000 supporters at a ordinary campaign stop, equaling the dimensions of the crowd at Hillary Clinton’s marketing campaign launch speech in New York City the previous weekend.[seventy one]

On July 1, a crowd of at the least 10,000 got here to peer Sanders in Madison, Wisconsin, nearly twice the dimensions of the largest crowd of his predominant number one challenger, Hillary Clinton.[72] A Sanders campaign event in Council Bluffs, Iowa, on July three, drew over 2,500 supporters. To date, this changed into the biggest target market for any 2016 presidential candidate in Iowa.[seventy three] Sanders drew a crowd of over 11,000 on July 18 in Phoenix, Arizona. At that point this have been the biggest crowd of any 2016 candidate, of any birthday party.[seventy four]

Bernie Sanders rally in Portland, Oregon, August 2015

On a 3-day West Coast excursion in August, Black Lives Matter activists interrupted an occasion in Seattle. The activists eliminated Sanders from the podium and Sanders appeared on as they spoke. The campaign ultimately shut down the event.[seventy five] On day after today Sanders spoke to a crowd of 28,000 supporters at the Moda Center in Portland, Oregon,[seventy six] and on August 10 greater than 27,000 human beings confirmed up for his rally inside the Los Angeles Memorial Sports Arena.[citation needed] On September 14, 2015, Sanders spoke at Liberty University, a particularly Republican-prompted college,[applicable?] at some stage in their Convocation.[77]

In September, Sanders made 3 speeches in New Hampshire on Labor Day, at some stage in his first marketing campaign swing since the release of his political organization, Our Revolution.In those, he attempted to convince the progressives who had backed him into backing Clinton.In doing so, he confronted down vociferous objections from target audience participants who still supported 1/3-party applicants along with Jill Stein, and those who objected to Clinton as their celebration’s nominee.[78]

Polls[edit]

Sanders supporters, January 2016

Nationwide, Sanders had widespread help among white and liberal-leaning Democrats however considerably much less amongst nonwhite and slight or conservative Democrats. An April 2015 report through The New York Times recommended that “[o]nly approximately 1 / 4 of Democratic‑leaners maintain the consistently liberal perspectives that would potentially positioned them to the left of Mrs. Clinton”.[seventy nine] A June 2015 New York Times file stated, “in an NBC/Wall Street Journal ballotthis week, ninety five percentage of nonwhite Democratic citizens stated they might see themselves helping Mrs. Clinton for the nomination inside the number one. Only about Bernie Sanders one-region of respondents stated they might see themselves vote casting for Mr. Sanders”.[25]

Two August 2015 polls showed Sanders leading Clinton by way of seven factors in New Hampshire.[80][eighty one] Both the RealClearPolitics polling average and The Huffington Post Pollster average for the New Hampshire Democratic primary confirmed Sanders main Clinton through approximately 3.5 percentage on August 28, 2015.[82][83]

On November 20, an online NBC News ballotconfirmed that Sanders’s national help endured to grow. A ballotthat surveyed five,755 adults national showed Sanders become the preferred candidate of 33% of Democratic and unbiased citizens, nonetheless trailing Clinton via sixteen factors.[eighty four] Sanders continued to show a sturdy lead among young voters and trailed Clinton by means of simplest three factors among white voters.

According to a country wide Quinnipiac University balloton December 2, Sanders polled in advance of the top four Republican candidates in a popular election matchup.[85][86]

In weeks preceding the Democratic primaries, Sanders changed into main in New Hampshire by 50% to Clinton’s forty six% and at the back of Clinton in Iowa, forty eight% to 45%.[87] A Quinnipiac University ballotlaunched on January 12, 2016, showed Sanders main in Iowa by using forty nine percent to Clinton’s 44 percent.[88]

Caucuses and primaries[edit]

Sanders narrowly misplaced the February 1, 2016 Iowa Democratic caucuses by 0.25% of the vote (49.fifty nine to Clinton’s forty nine.84).[89] He won the New Hampshire Democratic primary on February nine, 2016 by way of 22.four% of the vote (60.four% to Clinton’s 38.0%), receiving robust aid from citizens who considered it important to nominate a candidate who is “sincere and straightforward”.[90][91] This made him the primary self-defined democratic socialist and primary non-Christian to win a prime party’s U.S. presidential number one.[92][ninety three][ninety four] In his home nation of Vermont, Sanders received 86.1% of the vote, denying Clinton any delegates. He also won “landslide” victories in Washington, Alaska, and Hawaii. On March 8, Sanders pulled off an disappointed within the Michigan Democratic number one, where polls had desired Clinton with the aid of sizeable margins.[95] Of the seventy eight% of pledged delegates allotted in primaries and caucuses by May 10, 2016, Clinton had won fifty four% to Sanders’s forty six%.[ninety six] Of the 715 unpledged delegates or “superdelegates” who voted in the conference in July, Clinton had obtained endorsements from 505 (seventy one%), Sanders Bernie Sanders 41 (6%).

Nevada State Convention[edit]

At the Nevada Democratic State Convention in May, Sanders delegates were outraged by way of changes to and interpretations of rules that ended in denial of the credentials of just about 60 Sanders backers, with the result that Sanders, rather than edging Clinton out in delegates to the countrywide conference, got here in second.[97] Angry Sanders backers shouted down keynote speaker Barbara Boxer, a Clinton supporter. It become broadly pronounced that a few shoving, and throwing of chairs and different gadgets, ensued earlier than Nevada Democratic Party Chairwoman Roberta Lange ended the convention early, but no real proof of chair-throwing ever emerged.[98][99] After the convention became adjourned, on line casino security guards and local police were called to eliminate Sanders supporters who refused to leave the on line casino ballroom.[100] Lange received death threats to herself and her own family on-line and with the aid of smartphone after “Sanders supporters published Lange’s domestic and commercial enterprise addresses, electronic mail and cellular cellphone wide variety on-line.” Sanders spokesman Michael Briggs said, “We do no longer condone violence or inspire violence or even threats of violence”, and denied that the campaign had a role “in encouraging the hobby that the birthday party is complaining approximately.”[101][102][103]

The Nevada Democratic Party wrote to the Democratic National Committee accusing Sanders supporters of a “penchant for additonal-parliamentary conduct — indeed, real violence — in vicinity of democratic conduct in a convention placing.”[104] Sanders replied, “Our marketing campaign of path believes in non-violent change and it is going without announcing that I condemn any and all kinds of violence, along with the private harassment of individuals,” but introduced that his supporters had no longer been dealt with with “fairness and admire.”[104] In April 2017, The New York Observer stated that DNC chairwoman Debbie Wasserman Schultz had “used the nationally suggested Nevada Convention to attack Sanders supporters, spreading a falsehood that they were throwing chairs. Wasserman Schultz by no means apologized or rescinded her remarks.”[one zero five]

Demonstrations[edit]

Sanders supporters organized various demonstrations in assist of his marketing campaign. They are known to have participated in huge numbers inside the Donald Trump Chicago rally protest[106] and the Democracy Spring protests.[107] On April 3, a large wide variety of Sanders supporters protested in the front of CNN Headquarters in Los Angeles, demonstrating in opposition to the amount of airtime Sanders received in assessment to different applicants.[108]

Advertising[edit]

The campaign started to buy advertising and marketing in November 2015 whilst it spent $2 million on tv commercials.[109] In the lastweeks of December and the first week of January, the Sanders campaign spent $four.7 million on TV commercials, outspending the Clinton marketing campaign.[110] Prior to the Iowa caucuses and New Hampshire primaries, the campaign launched the advertisement “America”.[111]

Staff[edit]

The campaign workforce included human beings with deep political marketing campaign experience and those new to campaign organizing.[112] Campaign manager Jeff Weaver started in politics on Sanders’s 1986 gubernatorial campaign.

Claire Sandberg was the Director of Digital Organizing. She labored with senior advisers Becky Bond and Zack Exley to run allotted operations leveraging volunteers wherein the campaign did now not but have paid workforce.[113]

On April 14, 2016, Sanders fired the campaign’s countrywide Jewish outreach coordinator, Simone Zimmerman, after it changed into determined that she had used foul language to describe the Prime Minister of Israel and Hillary Clinton on Facebook. The hiring of Zimmerman, who has a records of competition to Israeli policies in the West Bank and Gaza, have been broadly criticized by way of Jewish companies.[114]

Gender discrimination allegations[edit]

In January 2019, The New York Times reported that allegations of sexual harassment, demeaning treatment and pay disparities relating girls within the campaign had been being circulated by means of e-mail.[a hundred and fifteen] Sanders attributed the sort of misdeeds to members of his team of workers, claiming that he become now not only unaware of them but had instituted new protocols for addressing such problems.[116] Jeff Weaver, Sanders’s campaign manager in 2016, recounted the life of issues and expressed a choice to do higher in any future campaign.[117] Sanders prolonged an apology on CNN to “any girl who looks like she become now not handled as it should be”.[118]

Sanders’s campaign committee issued a statement thanking the campaign workers for raising the issues, and pointing at new policies in the 2018 Senate re-election marketing campaign, already implemented previous to the activities from 2016 coming to light.[119] Former staffers sought a assembly to cope with the events,[119] and in reaction, Sanders met with them in mid-January.[one hundred twenty] The meeting turned into facilitated by using three girl leaders in workplace and employment matters. They said that it became part of “a process to create realistic approaches for enhancing the marketing campaign’s subculture,” and had been hoping other campaigns might additionally take be aware.[a hundred and twenty]

Reception[edit]

Part of the line to enter at the Bernie Sanders rally in Washington Square Park

There was giant help of Sanders’s vision of a “political revolution”, however others believed his vision became unrealistic or overly left-wing.[121] Speaking on Meet the Press on January 24, conservative political commentator David Brooks commented on in advance interviews of Clinton and Sanders, “If I did not know anything approximately the race until I saw those again-to-lower back interviews these days, I would assume, wow, Sanders definitely has honed his message, and he is captured each authenticity and pleasure, and Hillary Clinton hasn’t honed her message.”[122]

Filling in for Sanders at a campaign event in Iowa, Cornel West “electrified” the crowd, commencing his speech with the aid of announcing, “What a blessing it’s far to be right here with all of my brothers and sisters of all colours here in critical Iowa! Brother Bernie and I come from a superb tradition, the lifestyle of Martin Luther King Jr. and Albert Einstein; the subculture of Helen Keller and Ella Baker; the tradition of John Dewey—who is the founder of pragmatism, but he changed into a democratic socialist, too. The point is that, you see, democratic socialism isn’t a few sort of alien element. It’s natural and indigenous in the history of this country.”[123]

After polls confirmed Clinton leading with the aid of a huge margin within the March eight Michigan number one, Sanders received in what has been called “one of the best upsets in modern political records,”[124] drawing comment from political pundits. ABC News wrote, “Bernie Sanders’ win in Michigan will pass down because the stunner of the election cycle thus far, handing his marketing campaign a fresh intent and new evidence of his rival’s vulnerabilities at a crucial time inside the race.Sanders’ win will increase new questions about the presumed strength and dominance of Hillary Clinton’s marketing campaign. (It may also increase questions on the reliability of country-stage polling).”[125] Sanders stated of the victory, “what we’ve got performed is created the sort of momentum that we want to win.”[126]

On April 1, 2016, Sanders turned into interviewed via the New York Daily News editorial board.[127] Dylan Byers of CNN politics wrote that the interview “showed him having issue truely answering some questions on each foreign and home coverage”. In reaction to the criticism from the click, Tad Devine, the senior adviser for the Sanders campaign, informed CNN, “I recognize while you visit New York you’re going to get hit by using the tabloids, that is what the primaries are approximately”.[128] The Clinton marketing campaign seized on what they considered a negative performance through Sanders,[129] and sent the interview transcript to millions of its backers in a fundraising e mail, arguing that Sanders hadn’t notion thru how he would accomplish his largest dreams.[130] But Peter Eavis of The New York Times wrote that “Bernie Sanders probably is aware of extra about breaking apart banks than his critics supply him credit score for” and that “taken as an entire, Mr. Sanders’s solutions appear to make feel.”[131]

An NBC/Wall Street Journal poll carried out May 15 via 19 determined Clinton and presumptive Republican nominee Donald Trump in a “dead warmness” in the poll’s margin of mistakes. But the same ballotdiscovered that if Sanders were the Democratic nominee, 53% of electorate would guide him to 39% for Trump.[132] Clinton and Trump had been the least popular likely candidates inside the poll’s records. Sanders obtained a 43% effective, 36% negative rating.[133]

Sanders’s 2016 presidential marketing campaign led to a resurgence of interest in democratic socialism amongst millennials.[134]

Clinton named presumptive nominee[edit]

On June 6, 2016, the Associated Press and NBC News pronounced that Clinton had end up the presumptive nominee after accomplishing the specified range of delegates, which includes both pledged and unpledged delegates (superdelegates), to stable the nomination.[one hundred thirty five] On June 7, Clinton secured a majority of pledged delegates after triumphing the California and New Jersey primaries. After the final primary election, the District of Columbia’s on June 14, Sanders met with Clinton and congratulated her on her successful campaign. On June sixteen, Sanders gave a speech broadcast stay on line to his supporters, announcing:

I look ahead in the coming weeks to preserve discussion between the two campaigns to make certain that your voices are heard and that the Democratic Party passes the most modern platform in its history, and that Democrats virtually combat for that time table. I also look forward to running with Secretary Clinton to transform the Democratic Party, so that it will become a party of working human beings and younger human beings, and no longer simply wealthy campaign members, a celebration that has the center to tackle Wall Street, the pharmaceutical enterprise, the fossil gasoline industry and the alternative powerful special pursuits that dominate so much of our political and financial life.[23]

After the speech, the head of National Nurses United, the first countrywide union to back Sanders, said, “What we recognise about Bernie is that he can be there. He’s usually been there as a fighter inside the Senate, but that he’ll remain there for us. But most importantly, his message became, we should be there, we need to build a movement, we ought to combat.”[136] In July, which will win Sanders’s endorsement and his supporters’ approval, Clinton advocated several new guidelines he had endorsed for, consisting of plans to remove lessons at public faculties and universities and to increase spending for community health centers.[137]On July 12, Sanders encouraged Clinton, pronouncing in a prepared declaration:

I am happy with the campaign we ran right here in New Hampshire and across the united states. Our marketing campaign gained the primaries and caucuses in 22 states, and when the roll call on the Democratic National Convention in Philadelphia is introduced it will show that we received almost 1,900 delegates. That is lots of delegates, a ways greater than nearly anyone concept we could win. But it isn’t always sufficient to win the nomination. Secretary Clinton is going into the conference with 389 greater pledged delegates than we’ve and lots more fantastic delegates. Secretary Clinton has won the Democratic nominating method, and I congratulate her for that. She might be the Democratic nominee for president and I intend to do everything I can to make certain she could be the next president of the US.[sixty three]

Wikileaks e-mail launch[edit]

On July 22, 2016, WikiLeaks released over 20,000 DNC emails, some of which regarded to expose DNC officials favoring Clinton over Sanders throughout the primary. Among different matters, one high-rating DNC professional mentioned the possibility of making Sanders’s irreligious tendencies a campaign trouble in southern states, and DNC chair Debbie Wasserman Schultz mentioned campaign supervisor Jeff Weaver as “an ASS” and “a rattling liar” and time and again called into query Sanders’s celebration loyalty. Wasserman Schultz resigned as DNC chair after the leak, changed through Donna Brazile, and the Democratic National Committee apologized to Sanders.[138] Speaking on CNN, Sanders answered to the email leak: “it’s miles an outrage and unhappy which you could have humans in critical positions in the DNC trying to undermine my marketing campaign. It goes without announcing: The characteristic of the DNC is to symbolize all of the candidates — to be fair and even-minded. But once more, we mentioned this many, many months ago, on this show, so what’s revealed now isn’t always a shock to me.”[139]

In October 2016, WikiLeaks launched emails from Clinton marketing campaign Chair John Podesta showing that Donna Brazile, who changed into operating as a DNC Vice Chair, had given Clinton workforce statistics on the questions to be requested at an upcoming CNN city-hall meeting. Brazile has denied that she was displaying favoritism.[140]

After the election, the U.S. intelligence community and the Special Counsel investigation assessed that the email leaks were a part of a bigger interference marketing campaign through the Bernie Sanders Russian government to cause political instability inside the United States and to damage the Hillary Clinton campaign via bolstering the candidacies of Donald Trump, Bernie Sanders, and Jill Stein.[141][142][143]

Democratic National Convention[edit]

Bernie Sanders speakme on the Democratic National Convention in Philadelphia, on July 25, 2016.

Sanders received a 3-minute standing ovation when he rose to talk at the Democratic National Convention on July 25. He thanked and congratulated his marketing campaign people and mentioned his work with the Democratic Platform Committee, pronouncing, “there was a big coming collectively between the 2 campaigns and we produced, via a long way, the maximum innovative platform in the records of the Democratic Party…Our activity now’s to look that platform applied by means of a Democratic Senate, a Democratic House and a Hillary Clinton presidency – and I am going to do the whole lot I can to make that take place.”[144]

The first night of the Democratic National Convention became often disrupted with booing and chanting by way of a section of Sanders’s marketing campaign workers termed the “Bernie or Bust” contingent. Even Sanders was booed whilst he said, “We must vote for Hillary Clinton.”[145][146] The comedian Sarah Silverman, who had campaigned for Sanders but pledged support for Clinton on the convention, said, “Can I just say: To the ‘Bernie or Bust’ humans, you’re being ridiculous.”[147] A July 25 document via the Pew Research Center tracing Democratic voters’ support for candidates from March 2015 to June 2016 indicated that 90% of Democratic voters who had constantly supported Sanders stated they could help Clinton inside the fashionable election.[146]

After Sanders lost the number one to Clinton, Jill Stein of the Green Party presented to allow Sanders run on the Green ticket, however he did not respond to her provide.[148] On October 28, 2016, Sanders changed into declared an eligible write-in candidate for president in California, with Tulsi Gabbard as his vice-presidential running mate.[149] For write-in candidates’ votes to matter in California, the candidate ought to be certified, which “simplest calls for that 55 ‘electors’ sign on to claim a person a write-in candidate, no longer that the man or woman consent”.[149]

Conclusion[edit]

On November 8, as Clinton become defeated through Trump inside the fashionable election, Sanders acquired nearly 6% of the vote in Vermont, despite not being a candidate. This become the best share of a statewide presidential vote for a write-in draft campaign in American history.[a hundred and fifty] He additionally acquired more votes in Vermont than Gary Johnson, the Libertarian candidate, and Jill Stein, the Green candidate, mixed.[151]

Nationwide, it become feasible to vote for Sanders as a write-in candidate in 12 states,[152] and specific totals of write-in votes for Sanders had been posted in 3 states: California,[153] New Hampshire,[154] and Vermont.[151] In those three states, Sanders acquired 111,850 write-in votes, about 15% of the write-in vote national and zero.08% of the vote basic.[152]

On December 19, the day that the Electoral College convened in state capitols across the usa, Sanders acquired one electoral vote for president, from David Mulinix, a faithless elector in Hawaii who additionally voted for Senator Elizabeth Warren for vice president.[a hundred and fifty five] This became the first electoral vote ever cast for a Jewish American for president in United States electoral history.[156] Two different faithless electors, David Bright in Maine and Muhammad Abdurrahman in Minnesota, attempted to cast their electoral votes for Sanders, but their votes have been invalidated with the aid of their states’ faithless elector legal guidelines. Bright eventually switched his vote to Clinton as pledged, while Abdurrahman became changed by using another elector who voted for Clinton as pledged.[157][158]

Sanders become one of 5 those who obtained electoral votes from faithless electors inside the 2016 election; the opposite 4 had been former U.S. Secretary of State Colin Powell (who received 3 electoral votes),[159] Native American activist Faith Spotted Eagle,[159] former United States Representative and Republican presidential candidate Ron Paul,[160] and Governor John Kasich of Ohio.[one hundred sixty] The seven faithless electoral votes for president had been the most in records, aside from the sixty three electors who did now not vote for his or her pledged candidate, Horace Greeley, in 1872 (Greeley had died among election day and the convening of the Electoral College).[161][162]

Media insurance[edit]

Some Sanders supporters raised concerns that publications which include The New York Times minimized insurance of his marketing campaign in desire of other candidates’, in particular Trump’s and Clinton’s.[163][164] A December 2015 document located that the three fundamental networks – CBS, NBC, and ABC – had spent 234 minutes reporting on Republican candidate Donald Trump and 10 minutes on Sanders, regardless of their comparable polling effects. The document referred to that ABC World News Tonight had spent eighty one minutes on Trump and much less than 1 minute on Sanders in the course of 2015.[a hundred sixty five]

On April 3, 2016, hundreds of Sanders supporters protested CNN’s coverage of the presidential elections at CNN headquarters. Calling themselves “Occupy CNN”, they claimed that principal media networks had intentionally minimized Sanders’s airtime in prefer of candidates inclusive of Hillary Clinton and Donald Trump.[166]

In May 2016, MSNBC’s Mika Brzezinski known as on Debbie Wasserman Schultz, chairwoman of the DNC, to step down over the DNC’s bias in opposition to the Sanders campaign.[167] The July 2016 Democratic National Committee email leak discovered that Wasserman Schultz was indignant approximately the media’s negative insurance of her moves, and that she emailed Chuck Todd on May 18 to say that such insurance of her “have to prevent”.[168] Describing the coverage as the “LAST straw”, she ordered the DNC’s communications director to call MSNBC president Phil Griffin to demand an apology from Brzezinski.[169][170]

[edit]

Sanders used social media to assist his marketing campaign gain momentum.[171] His campaign utilized Twitter, Facebook,[172] Snapchat, Instagram, Tumblr and Reddit.[173] Sanders gained a big on line grassroots following, with supporters rallying aid on Twitter under the hashtag #FeelTheBern.

The Sanders marketing campaign become also regarded for the extreme social media hobby of a number of his backers. Some online activists who enthusiastically promoted Sanders and criticized Clinton supporters have been pejoratively referred to as Bernie Bros, insinuating they were sexist in their critique of Clinton.[174][a hundred seventy five]

Sanders received tens of lots of followers on Twitter in the course of and after his debate appearances.[176][177] Although Twitter followers are simplest one metric of fulfillment, this led USA Today to speculate that he had gained the October debate.[178]

Popular media[edit]

Saturday Night Live (SNL) highlighted Sanders in its October 17, 2015, bloodless open with comedian Larry David portraying him in a parody[179] of the first Democratic Primary Presidential debate, which had aired four days earlier on CNN. David lower back to the display for the primary time in 30 years to painting Sanders.[one hundred eighty] His affect of Sanders, broadly received favorably on Twitter, had him waving his hands and saying: “I’m going to dial it right up to a 10: We’re doomed! We want a revolution! We’ve got thousands and thousands of human beings within the streets. We gotta do something and we gotta do it now”.[180] When shown a clip of David’s impact of him by way of George Stephanopoulos on ABC’s This Week, Sanders responded: “I think we’ll use Larry at our subsequent rally. He does me better than I do.”[181]

David portrayed Sanders once more on SNL’s November 7, 2015, cold open, a parody of a Democratic applicants’ forum hosted through Rachel Maddow that had aired on MSNBC earlier that week.[182][183]

Although he did no longer win the legitimate award, in December 2015 Sanders gained the readers’ poll for Time mag’s 2015 Person of the Year with 10% of vote.[184]

Internet memes[edit]

Sanders’s marketing campaign generated many Internet memes. A Facebook institution called Bernie Sanders’ Dank Meme Stash became created to help unfold facts and comedic amusement about Sanders. As of March 20, 2016, the organization had almost 420,000 participants.[185]

Online relationship service[edit]

Sanders’s campaign also inspired a web relationship service, Bernie Singles.[186][187][188][189][a hundred ninety][191] Founded via Arizona State University political technological know-how sophomore scholar Colten Caudle and co-owner David Boni on February 17, 2016,[189] Bernie Singles have become a trending topic on Facebook, Reddit, and Twitter.[192]

Tinder[edit]

On February 5, 2016, members of the Facebook institution “Bernie Sanders Dank Tinder Convos” (BSDTC) (a spin-off of Bernie Sanders’ Dank Meme Stash) were reportedly being banned from courting and social discovery mobile application Tinder for selling Sanders’s presidential marketing campaign. BSDTC members would send messages to other Tinder customers selling Sanders and imploring them to vote for him. In reaction, many BSDTC individuals’ profiles might either grow to be locked or deleted after being flagged for posting unsolicited mail or being bots.[193][194][195][196][197][198] Tinder spokeswoman Rosette Pambakian said in an email, “We wholeheartedly aid humans sharing their political opinions on Tinder, but we do not allow spamming. So feel free to spread the Bern, just do not junk mail.”[194][198][199]

Bernie or Bust[edit]

Bernie or Bust protesters (with a few wearing Bernie or Bust wooden signs and symptoms) at the Wells Fargo Center at some stage in the roll call vote whilst nominating Hillary Clinton at the DNC

“Bernie or Bust” refers back to the goal of a number of Sanders’s supporters not to vote for Hillary Clinton if she gained the Democratic nomination, however as an alternative to put in writing in Sanders, vote for a 3rd-celebration candidate inclusive of Jill Stein or Gary Johnson, or no longer to vote at all.[two hundred]

The movement stemmed from mistrust of the Democratic Party status quo and the birthday party’s primary device. The celebration was accused of bias in Clinton’s prefer starting round December 2015, culminating in leaked emails just before the 2016 Democratic National Convention.[201] Sanders again and again said he would vote for Clinton inside the wellknown election so one can keep away from a “disastrous” Trump presidency and recommended his supporters to do the equal.[202]

The Bernie or Bust movement is regularly stated as one of the contributing elements in Hillary Clinton’s loss inside the popular election via the spoiler effect.[203][204][205] Other media commentators have disagreed.[206][207] According to NPR and Newsweek, greater than 20% of Sanders voters voted for Trump or some other candidate (or did no longer vote) within the 2016 preferred election.[208][209]

The movement experienced controversy while, at the Democratic National Convention, comedian Sarah Silverman advised other Sanders supporters to returned Hillary Clinton and remarked that Bernie or Bust humans were “being ridiculous.”[147]

Unaffiliated Sanders-for-President groups[edit]

Among the organizations that labored to go with Sanders without any formal affiliation together with his marketing campaign changed into People for Bernie, an online group that grew out of the Occupy movement[210] and changed into energetic in sending protesters to close down Donald Trump rallies.[211][212]

Veterans for Bernie Sanders, also known as “Vets for Bernie,” changed into the primary national grassroots affiliation of navy veterans ever to prepare on behalf of a presidential candidate.[213] VFB mobilized veterans in all 50 states to attend Sanders events, inclusive of a veterans’ rally in Gettysburg. The organization has been credited with developing progressive “social media content primarily based round endorsements from character veterans.”[213][214]

In April 2015, the grassroots organization College Students for Bernie turned into created via university students from universities from throughout the united states. The group served as an outlet and a aid for college college students to take an energetic function in the 2016 election via campaigning for Sanders and combating for modern causes. The business enterprise had over 260 chapters installed at various universities and colleges within the United States.

/r/SandersForPresident subreddit[edit]

A famous subreddit with over 500,000 subscribers,[215] /r/SandersForPresident turned into an organizing forum that mobilized resources for the marketing campaign. As one of the first locations Sanders announced his marketing campaign,[216] it turned into related through Grassroots For Sanders,[217] the campaign’s virtual arm.[218] It became created on December 6, 2013, approximately 17 months earlier than Sanders announced his candidacy, with the aid of Aidan King, a graduate of the University of New Hampshire,[219] and David Fredrick, co-author of Grassroots For Sanders.[220] King ultimately became the Sanders campaign’s social media coordinator.

Although the Sanders marketing campaign did now not manipulate the subreddit, it communicated with its moderators.[218] Kenneth Pennington, the Sanders marketing campaign’s virtual director, told media business enterprise Mic that “We paintings closely with those in leadership roles on the subreddit to make sure that the big target market on Reddit is aware of precisely how to get involved within the marketing campaign and unfold the senator’s message”.[219]

Political positions[edit]

Percentage of vote acquired by Sanders by using kingdom or territory in the primaries.

  10.0–19.nine%

  20.zero–29.9%

  30.0–39.nine%

  40.0–49.9%

  50.0–fifty nine.9%

  60.zero–sixty nine.nine%

  70.0–79.9%

  eighty.0%+

State-with the aid of-nation overall performance.

  Bernie Sanders

  Hillary Clinton

Generally speaking, Bernie Sanders’s views were defined as being to the political left of those of competitor Hillary Clinton and President Barack Obama.

Economics[edit]

Income and wealth inequality[edit]

A cornerstone of Sanders’s marketing campaign become to combat the reducing income of the center class and the increase of wealth inequality:

What we’ve got seen is that whilst the common man or woman is operating longer hours for decrease wages, we have seen a massive increase in earnings and wealth inequality, that’s now attaining obscene stages. … This is a rigged financial system, which goes for the rich and the effective, and isn’t always running for everyday Americans … You recognize, this united states just does no longer belong to a handful of billionaires.

In July 2015 Sanders added rules that would incrementally increase the federal minimal wage to $15 an hour by the yr 2020.[221][222] On November 10, 2015, Sanders joined putting Senate cafeteria workers at a “Fight for $15” rally in Washington DC and voiced support for the movement.[223]

Taxes[edit]

Sanders supported repeal of some tax deductions that gain hedge price range and corporations, and could have raised taxes on capital profits and the wealthiestpercent of Americans, the use of a number of the delivered sales to lower the taxes of the center and decrease instructions.[224][225] Reporting that offshore tax havens have allowed America’s biggest businesses to keep away from taxes on extra than $1 trillion in earnings, Sanders additionally introduced legislation to stop offshore banking.[226][227] He believed the American government should make investments the resulting sales in America’s small corporations and in resource for working people.[228]

Wall Street reform[edit]

On May 6, 2015, Sanders delivered legislation to interrupt up “too huge to fail” financial establishments. With 3 of the 4 banks that were bailed out at some stage in the 2007–08 Global Financial Crisis now larger than they have been then, Sanders believed that “no single financial group need to have holdings so significant that its failure could send the sector economic system into disaster. If an group is just too massive to fail, it’s far too massive to exist.”[229][230]

Jobs[edit]

Sanders delivered amendments to Senate payments that sell the introduction of millions of middle-magnificence jobs by using investing in infrastructure, paid for through final loopholes inside the company and international tax gadget.[231][232] He additionally supported regulation that might make it less complicated for workers to join or shape a union.[233] Sanders’s marketing campaign website additionally recognized the plight of the lengthy-term unemployed, mentioning that “[t]he actual unemployment charge is a great deal higher than the ‘official’ discern commonly said in the newspapers”.[234]

Trade[edit]

Sanders adverse the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) alternate agreement, which he known as “a continuation of other disastrous trade agreements like NAFTA [and] CAFTA.”[235][236] In 2014, Sanders wrote that “the TPP is a whole lot extra than a ‘free change’ agreement. It is part of a international race to the lowest to enhance the income of big organizations and Wall Street by outsourcing jobs; undercutting worker rights; dismantling exertions, environmental, health, meals safety and financial laws; and permitting organizations to project our legal guidelines in global tribunals instead of our very own courtroom device”.[237]

Federal Reserve[edit]

Sanders proposed those reforms of the Fed: “Banking enterprise executives need to not be allowed to serve on the Fed’s forums…The Fed ought to charge (banks) a charge that could be used to provide direct loans to small businesses…As a condition of receiving monetary help from the Fed, massive banks have to commit to growing lending to creditworthy small businesses and purchasers.”[238]

Paid go away[edit]

Sanders have become a outstanding supporter of laws requiring companies to provide their employees parental go away, unwell depart, and excursion time, arguing that such laws were followed by using almost each developed united states, and that there are substantial disparities many of the types of people who have get admission to to paid sick and paid excursion time.[239][240]

Sanders’s Guaranteed Paid Vacation Act (S.1564) would have mandated that groups provide 10 days of paid excursion for personnel who have labored for them for at the least three hundred and sixty five days. He cosponsored a Senate invoice that would provide mothers and fathers 12 weeks of paid family depart to take care of a baby. Sanders also cosponsored a invoice that would assure workers as a minimum seven paid sick days in step with year for quick-term illness, habitual hospital treatment, or to care for a ill member of the family.[239][240]

Environment[edit]

Sanders taken into consideration global warming a critical hassle.[241][242] Along with Senator Barbara Boxer, Sanders brought the Global Warming Pollution Reduction Act of 2007 on January 15, 2007.[243] In a July 26, 2012 speech on the Senate floor, Sanders addressed claims made with the aid of Senator Jim Inhofe: “The bottom line is when Senator Inhofe says international warming is a hoax, he’s simply dead incorrect, in step with the great majority of climate scientists.”[244] He was Climate Hawks Vote’s top-rated senator on weather management inside the 113th Congress.[245]

Health care[edit]

Sanders become a staunch supporter of a universal fitness care device, and stated, “if you are extreme about real healthcare reform, the only way to move is single‑payer”.[246] He endorsed reducing the price of drugs which can be high due to the fact they remain beneath patent for years; some tablets that cost heaps of greenbacks in keeping with year within the U.S. are available for hundreds, or less, in international locations wherein they may be received as generics.[247]

As chairman of the Senate Subcommittee on Primary Health and Aging, Sanders brought law to reauthorize and give a boost to the Older Americans Act, which helps Meals on Wheels and other applications for seniors. Sanders believed that supporting seniors “isn’t always most effective the proper element to do, it is the financially smart aspect to do”, because it decreases costly hospitalizations and lets in seniors to remain in their houses.[248]

NARAL Pro-Choice America gave Sanders a a hundred% rating on his seasoned-choice voting report.[249]

Campaign finance[edit]

Sanders supported the public investment of elections and supported both variations of the DISCLOSE Act, legislation might have made campaign price range greater transparent, and could have banned U.S. organizations managed by foreign pastimes from making political expenses.[250] He become outspoken in calling for an overturn of Citizens United, a 2010 Supreme Court choice that overturned McCain-Feingold restrictions on political spending through organizations and unions, as it deemed such restrictions a violation of the First Amendment.[fifty five] Saying that he believed that the Citizens United choice is “one of the Supreme Court’s worst decisions ever” and that it has allowed massive money to “deflect interest from the real troubles” going through citizens,[251] he proposed a constitutional amendment to undo the ruling.[252] “We now have a political scenario where billionaires are … able to buy elections and applicants”, he said.[54]

Foreign policy and country wide protection[edit]

Israeli–Palestinian battle[edit]

Sanders supported Israel’s right to exist and supported a two-nation solution.[253] In July 2014, Sanders fashioned part of the “unanimous consent” at the Senate Resolution in aid of Operation Protective Edge, a navy operation Israel released on July 8, 2014.[254] Sanders said that Israel should have a right to live in peace and security.[255] He compared himself to the primary Israeli Prime Minister, David Ben-Gurion.[255]

When asked approximately the Palestinian situation, Sanders always stated that the Palestinians have a right to a country, whilst Israel has a right to security.[256] A announcement posted on his Senate website read in part: “Sanders believes the Israeli assaults that killed hundreds of innocent humans – including many ladies and kids – in bombings of civilian neighborhoods and UN managed schools, hospitals, and refugee camps had been disproportionate, and the giant killing of civilians is completely unacceptable. Israel’s movements took an good sized human toll, and regarded to reinforce support for Hamas and may be sowing the seeds for even more hatred, conflict and destruction in future years.”[257]

Surveillance[edit]

Sanders became critical of U.S. government worldwide surveillance guidelines. He voted towards the united states PATRIOT Act and all of its renewals and the USA Freedom Act and has characterised the National Security Agency as “out of manage.” He frequently criticized warrantless wiretapping and the gathering of the phone, e mail, library, and net browsing statistics of American citizens with out due system:[258]

In my view, the NSA is out of manage and working in an unconstitutional manner. I fear very plenty about kids developing up in a society in which they assume ‘I’m now not going to speak approximately this problem, examine this e book, or discover this idea due to the fact a person may think I’m a terrorist.’ That isn’t always the kind of free society I want for our children.[259]

Iraq[edit]

Sanders strongly opposed the 2003 invasion of Iraq and voted against the 2002 resolution authorizing the use of pressure against Iraq. In a 2002 speech, he stated, “I am against giving the President a clean check to launch a unilateral invasion and career of Iraq” and “I will vote against this decision. One, I even have no longer heard any estimates of how many young American women and men might die in such a war or what number of tens of lots of girls and children in Iraq may also be killed. As a caring Nation, we need to do the whole thing we are able to to save you the terrible struggling that a battle will purpose. War need to be the ultimate recourse in worldwide members of the family, no longer the first. Second, I am deeply concerned about the precedent that a unilateral invasion of Iraq may want to establish in phrases of international law and the position of the United Nations.”[260]

Sanders referred to as the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) “a barbaric business enterprise” and “a growing danger”, however did not agree with that the U.S. must lead the fight in opposition to it, pronouncing, “the USA ought to be supportive, in conjunction with different nations, however we cannot and we must not be worried in perpetual conflict inside the Middle East—the Muslim international locations themselves should lead the effort”.[261]

Education[edit]

Early childhood[edit]

Drawing figures from an OECD file that ranks the U.S. 33rd out of 36 nations in studying literacy, 27th in mathematical literacy, twenty second in technology literacy, and 18th common in secondary training, Sanders stated, “In a society with our resources, it’s far unconscionable to that we do not nicely invest in our kids from the very first degrees of their lives”. He has delivered regulation to offer infant care and early training to all youngsters six weeks old thru kindergarten. Sanders stated “the Foundations for Success Act could provide preschool kids with a complete variety of services, main to success in school and crucial help for tough-pressed households national.”[239][240][262]

Student loans[edit]

Sanders changed into an suggest of making university greater low priced. He spoke out in opposition to the high hobby costs on federal pupil loans, noting that within the next ten years, the federal government will income via as a great deal as $127 billion from them. He also criticized President Obama for signing legislation that quickly froze student loan hobby fees in change for permitting the charges to reach historic highs over the followingyears. Sanders believed tax reform was the solution, and advanced a plan to carry matching offers from the federal and kingdom governments to reduce training at public universities by using extra than half. He criticized both Republicans and Democrats for failing to institute reforms to be able to prevent predatory lending practices in the pupil mortgage marketplace.[263]

Tuition-loose public universities[edit]

Sanders became in favor of public investment for university students. He believed that “we stay in a enormously competitive international financial system and, if our economic system is to be sturdy, we want the nice-educated work force in the world.” He in addition maintained that many advanced nations in Western Europe have long taken this technique to better education. Sanders anticipated his plan to meet strong opposition from the Republican Party, however said it changed into ultimately “the American humans” who could decide its failure or fulfillment.[264]

On May 19, 2015, Sanders introduced the College for All Act (S.1373), which might have used a Robin Hood tax of fifty cents on every “$a hundred of inventory trades on stock income” to fund training at four-12 months public colleges and universities for college kids who meet admission standards.[265][266][267] In addition, the Robin Hood tax might have included a .five% speculation fee to be charged on investment houses, hedge price range, and different inventory trades, even as a .1% fee could be charged on bonds, and a .0.5% rate on derivatives.[268]

Cultural diversity[edit]

Racial justice[edit]

Sanders become a civil rights organizer on the University of Chicago in the Sixties, and has a 100% score from the NAACP for his civil rights voting document. In 1988, Sanders labored for Jesse Jackson’s presidential campaign pronouncing: “Jesse Jackson uniquely and alone has shown the braveness to tackle the most crucial and basic troubles facing working class Americans, poor human beings, elderly humans, environmentalists, peace activists, girls, and America’s minorities.”[269]

As part of his 2016 presidential platform, Sanders known as for an give up to “the 4 central sorts of violence waged towards black and brown Americans: physical, political, criminal and economic.”[270][271] Speaking on these issues, Sanders stated:

It is an obscenity that we stigmatize such a lot of young Americans with a crook file for smoking marijuana, but no longer one fundamental Wall Street govt has been prosecuted for inflicting the close to crumble of our whole financial system. This must trade. We must deal with the lingering unjust stereotypes that result in the labeling of black youths as “thugs.” We understand the reality that, like every network in this us of a, the huge majority of human beings of shade are looking to work hard, play by way of the regulations and lift their children. It’s time to forestall demonizing minority communities.

Immigration[edit]

In 2007, Sanders helped kill a invoice introducing complete immigration reform, arguing that its visitor-worker software might depress wages for American workers.[272] Sanders voted for the complete immigration reform invoice in 2013,[273] pronouncing, “It does now not make loads of sense to me to carry loads of heaps of [foreign] people into this u . s . a . to work for minimal salary and compete with American kids.” Sanders opposed visitor worker applications[274] and become additionally skeptical approximately professional Bernie Sanders immigrant (H-1B) visas, pronouncing, “Last year, the top 10 employers of H-1B visitor people were all offshore outsourcing corporations. These firms are chargeable for shipping big numbers of American data technology jobs to India and different countries.”[275] He believes a direction to citizenship ought to be created for new immigrants.[276] During the campaign, Sanders expressed competition to “open borders”, telling Vox’s Ezra Klein that it became a “Koch brothers thought”.[277]

LGBT rights[edit]

Sanders has supported full equality for gay Americans for the reason that as a minimum 1972.[278]

Sanders long supported LGBT rights, balloting against the 1996 Defense of Marriage Act when he turned into in the House of Representatives, and his domestic country of Vermont turned into the primary to legalize identical-intercourse unions in 2000, and homosexual marriage in 2009, both of which Sanders actively supported.[279] Following the Supreme Court ruling in Obergefell v. Hodges in June 2015, Sanders stated: “For some distance too lengthy our justice machine has marginalized the homosexual network, and I am very glad the court docket stuck as much as the American people.”[279]

Crime[edit]

Gun violence[edit]

Sanders supports banning semi-automated weapons and last a loophole that permits shoppers to skirt regulations when making a buy at a gun show. He is also in favor of instantaneous history exams for gun proprietors,[280] even though he formerly opposed the Brady Act, which provided for federal background tests.[281]

In the House of Representatives, Sanders voted for the 2005 Protection of Lawful Commerce in Arms Act.[282] Speaking to CNN’s Jake Tapper on State of the Union, Sanders said, “If anyone has a gun and it falls into the fingers of a assassin and the assassin kills anyone with a gun, do you maintain the gun producer accountable? Not any extra than you will maintain a hammer organization accountable if somebody beats any individual over the head with a hammer.” Sanders has stated, “we have tens of millions of folks who are gun proprietors in this united states—99.9% of those humans obey the regulation. I need to peer real, serious debate and motion on weapons, but it isn’t always going to take region if we certainly have intense positions on both aspects. I suppose I can deliver us to the center.”[280] Sanders also brushed off the idea that gun control measures ought to have averted the massacre at Sandy Hook Elementary School, pronouncing “if you surpassed the strongest gun manage rules tomorrow, I do not suppose it’ll have a profound impact on the tragedies we’ve visible.”[281]

Justice reform[edit]

Sanders has referred to as for reforms to sentencing suggestions, drug policy, and use of pressure rules within police departments. Noting that there are extra people incarcerated inside the U.S. than any usa inside the world at an annual fee to taxpayers of $70 billion, Sanders argues that the money would be better spent on education and jobs. He has spoken out against police brutality and the choppy prices of arrest of African-Americans and different minorities, saying: “From Ferguson to Baltimore and throughout this kingdom, too many African-Americans and different minorities find themselves subjected to a gadget that treats citizens who’ve not devoted crimes as if they have been criminals and this is unacceptable.”[283] Following the discharge of footage depicting the arrest of African American Sandra Bland for a minor traffic violation, Sanders strongly condemned the “absolutely outrageous police behavior” proven in the video, pointing out that: “This video highlights yet again why we need actual police reform. People have to not die for a minor traffic infraction. This sort of police abuse has turn out to be an all-too-not unusual prevalence for people of colour and it ought to forestall.”[284] Speaking on Face the Nation on December 27, Sanders stated that “[t]he manner [Sandra Bland] was yanked out of that vehicle and the manner she became treated by way of that police officer isn’t always some thing I assume would have came about to the common middle elegance white girl”.[fifty one]

Sanders has additionally spoken out in opposition to the privatization of prisons all through america, pointing out:

It is morally repugnant and a countrywide tragedy that we’ve privatized prisons throughout America. In my view, organizations need to now not be allowed to make a income by building more jails and preserving extra Americans behind bars. We have got to end the private-for-earnings prison racket in America!

— Remarks by Senator Sanders to the National Urban League (July 2015).[285]

On September 17, 2015, Sanders delivered the “Justice Is Not for Sale” Act,[286] which prohibits america government at federal, kingdom and local ranges from contracting with non-public companies to provide and/or function detention facilities withinyears. He mentioned that “We cannot repair our crook justice device if organizations are allowed to make the most of mass incarceration.”[287][288]

Death penalty[edit]

Sanders has been a sturdy opponent of the dying penalty at some stage in his political career.[289]

Marijuana legalization[edit]

On October 28, 2015, Sanders expressed his assist for the federal legalization of marijuana by means of manner of its removal from the Controlled Substances Act, removing it from the list of risky materials outlawed via the federal government. This would clear the manner for it to be completely legalized at the nation stage unimpeded via the federal authorities. Sanders is also in favor of the regulated sale and taxation of marijuana on the nation degree in a Bernie Sanders similar way to alcohol and tobacco.[290]

Endorsements[edit]See additionally[edit]

Our Revolution

Brand New Congress

Justice Democrats

Bernie Sanders 2020 presidential marketing campaign

References[edit]^ Seitz-Wald, Alex (July 12, 2016) “Bernie Sanders Endorses Hillary Clinton at New Hampshire Rally”, NBCNews.com.

^ Chozick, Amy; Healy, Patrick (July 6, 2015). “Hillary Clinton’s Team Is Wary as Bernie Sanders Finds Footing in Iowa”. The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the unique on October 23, 2015. Retrieved July 29, 2020. ‘That’s simply political chatter and the standard strategies’, said Jeff Weaver, [Bernie Sanders]’s marketing campaign supervisor.

^ Atwood, Kylie (March 3, 2016). “Bernie Sanders’ campaign predicts achievement in next contests”. CBS News. Archived from the authentic on March three, 2016. Retrieved July 29, 2020. ‘We do not suppose the calendar beforehand seems nearly as exact [for Clinton] as [Tuesday]….’ stated Tad Devine, [Sanders’s] senior campaign strategist, on a convention call with journalists.

^ Daileda, Colin (August thirteen, 2015). “Black Lives Matter and Bernie Sanders aren’t herbal allies”. Mashable. Archived from the unique on January 6, 2016. Retrieved July 29, 2020. [Bernie] Sanders currently hired Symone Sanders (no relation) to be his national press secretary.

^ No relation to Bernie Sanders.[4]

^ McMorris-Santoro, Evan (August 9, 2015). “Bernie Sanders’ Campaign Adds Young Black Woman As New Public Face”. BuzzFeed. Archived from the original on January 10, 2016. Retrieved July 29, 2020.

^ “FEC REPORT FOR BERNIE 2016”. FEC. March 31, 2016.

^ a b Kelly, Erin (April 30, 2015). “Bernie Sanders: ‘I am strolling in this election to win'”. USA Today. Retrieved April 30, 2015.

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^ Desjardins, Lisa (April 30, 2015). “What does Bernie Sanders agree with? Where the candidate stands on 10 problems”. PBS. Retrieved May 22, 2015.

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^ Miller, S. A. (February 18, 2015). “Bernie Sanders attacks Business Roundtable, offshore tax havens”. The Washington Times. Retrieved November 4, 2015.

^ “America’s Top 10 Corporate Tax Avoiders”. Bernie Sanders United States Senator for Vermont. Retrieved November four, 2015.

^ “Bernie Sanders on Corporate Regulation”. FeelTheBern.org. Retrieved November four, 2015.

^ Sanders, Bernie (May 7, 2015). “Break Up Big Banks”. The Huffington Post. Retrieved May 19, 2015.

^ Resnikoff, Ned (May 6, 2015). “Bernie Sanders proposes breaking apart ‘too big to fail’ banks”. Al Jazeera America. Retrieved May 21, 2015.

^ “Sanders Proposes Roads and Jobs Bill”. January three, 2015. Retrieved June 20, 2015.

^ “Current Legislation”. congress.gov. Retrieved June 14, 2015.

^ Bernie Sanders (December 1, 2014). An Economic Agenda for America: 12 Steps Forward. The Huffington Post. Retrieved June 27, 2015.

^ “Issues: Creating Decent Paying Jobs”. Bernie 2016. Archived from the unique on November 18, 2015.

^ “Sen. Bernie Sanders on taxes, alternate agreements and Islamic State”. PBS. May 18, 2015. Retrieved May 20, 2015. (transcript of interview with Judy Woodruff)

^ Sanders, Bernie (May 21, 2015). “The TPP Must Be Defeated”. The Huffington Post. Retrieved May 22, 2015.

^ Sanders, Bernie (December 29, 2014). “The Trans–Pacific Trade (TPP) Agreement Must Be Defeated” (PDF). Archived from the unique on November 17, 2015. Retrieved July 2, 2015.

^ Bernie Sanders (December 23, 2015). Bernie Sanders: To Rein In Wall Street, Fix the Fed. The New York Times.Retrieved January sixteen, 2016.

^ a b c Sanders, Bernie. “Family Values Agenda”. YouTube. Retrieved June thirteen, 2015.

^ a b c “FAMILY VALUES AGENDA: PAID FAMILY LEAVE, PAID SICK LEAVE, PAID VACATION” (PDF). Retrieved June 13, 2015.

^ Totten, Shay (January 15, 2007). “Sanders to push worldwide warming rules in Senate”. Vermont Guardian. Archived from the original on May 8, 2015. Retrieved August 4, 2009. Sen. Bernie Sanders, I-VT, stated Monday he became making properly on as a minimum considered one of a handful of campaign guarantees – introducing a invoice designed to reduce U.S. contributions to international greenhouse gasoline emissions in the subsequent decade. … Sanders delivered that production of latest strength vegetation is ‘enormously pricey’ and he could prefer to see federal funding aid used to extend the development of sustainable electricity, as well as biofuels.

^ Hillary Clinton and Bernie Sanders Spar Over Fossil Fuel Donations April 1, 2016

^ “Climate change bills of the 110th Congress”. New York: Environmental Defense Fund. May 29, 2007. Archived from the original on November 12, 2012.

^ Gerken, James (July 31, 2012). “Senator Bernie Sanders: Climate Change Is Real, Senator Inhofe Is ‘Dead Wrong'”. The Huffington Post. Retrieved August 1, 2012.

^ Sheppard, Kate (April 29, 2015). “Prospective Presidential Candidate Bernie Sanders Scores High In New ‘Climate Hawk’ Ranking”. The Huffington Post. New York, New York: AOL. Retrieved April 30, 2015.

^ Jaffe, Sarah (July 14, 2009). “Sanders Schools McCain on Public Healthcare”. The Nation. Archived from the original on August 20, 2015. Retrieved October 16, 2013. Senator Bernie Sanders is one of the Senate’s fiercest advocates for actual healthcare reform that places Americans, no longer non-public insurance corporations, first. Recently, Sanders advised The Nation’s Katrina vanden Heuvel, ‘[I]f you are serious approximately actual healthcare reform, the most effective manner to go is unmarried‑payer’…

^ Carter, Zach (May 19, 2012). “Bernie Sanders Offers Plan To Cut Prescription Drug Prices”. The Huffington Post. Retrieved August sixteen, 2014.

^ “Older Americans Act”. May 23, 2015. Retrieved July four, 2015.

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^ Gordon, Jesse, ed. (December 8, 2015). “Bernie Sanders on Government Reform: Public funding of elections to promote even gambling area”. On the Issues. Archived from the authentic on December sixteen, 2015.

^ Collins, Eliza (May 10, 2015). “Bernie Sanders takes lifeless purpose on Citizens United ruling”. Politico. Archived from the authentic on October 19, 2015.

^ Easley, Jason. “Bernie Sanders Files a New Constitutional Amendment to Overturn Citizens United”. PoliticsUSA.

^ Bernie Sanders – Vox By Ezra Klein July 28, 2015, Vox

^ “News July 24”. Sen. Bernie Sanders. Retrieved September 10, 2015.

^ a b “2016 U.S. Presidential Campaign: Bernie Sanders”. Jewish Virtual Library. American-Israeli Cooperative Enterprise. Archived from the original on December eight, 2015.

^ Weigel, David (August 4, 2015). “Bernie Sanders’s 27 years of Israel answers”. The Washington Post.

^ War and Peace Archived September 6, 2015, at the Wayback Machine, Bernie Sanders, Senate website

^ Sanders Senate Speech on Surveillance.

^ Rand Paul, Bernie Sanders Revel in NSA Ruling. The Guardian, April 29, 2015.

^ Flashback: Rep. Bernie Sanders Opposes Iraq War Official U.S. Senate internet site

^ Couric, Katie (June 1, 2015). Presidential hopeful Bernie Sanders talks USA Freedom Act and Hillary Clinton. Yahoo News. YouTube. Retrieved July 12, 2015.

^ Sanders, Bernie. “Release: Sanders Proposes Early Child Care Program”. Sanders.senate.gov. Bernie Sanders Senate Office. Retrieved June 14, 2015.

^ Dash, Stephen (April 22, 2015). “What Is Bernie Sanders’ Endgame for College Affordability and Student Loans?”. The Huffington Post. Retrieved July 18, 2015.

^ Wysocki, Aaron (May 21, 2015). “Bernie Sanders: Free College For All”. The Young Turks. Retrieved May 21, 2015.

^ Knowles, David (May 18, 2015). “Bernie Sanders Wants to Tax Stock Trades to Pay for Free College”. Bloomberg. Retrieved May 19, 2015.

^ Bixby, Scott (May 19, 2015). “Bernie Sanders’ Bold, New Plan May Have Just Locked Down the Millennial Vote”. Mic. Retrieved May 19, 2015.

^ Resnikoff, Ned (May 19, 2015). “Bernie Sanders unveils plan for training‑unfastened public schools”. Al Jazeera America. Archived from the unique on January 13, 2016.

^ Schramm, Michael; Sioelzer, Ethan. “Bernie Sanders troubles a bill to make 4 year schools training-loose”. USA Today / College. Retrieved June 14, 2015.

^ Bernie Sanders (1988) 1988 Bernie Sanders Speech on Race Progress and the Democratic Party. YouTube Retrieved August eleven, 2015.

^ Bernie 2016. “Racial Justice”. Bernie 2016. Retrieved August 17, 2015.

^ Fang, Marina (August 11, 2015) [1st pub. August nine, 2015]. “Bernie Sanders Unveils Sweeping Policy Platform To Combat Racial Inequality”. The Huffington Post. Archived from the original on January 19, 2016.

^ “Sanders and immigration? It’s complicated”. POLITICO. Retrieved June four, 2018.

^ Aronsen, Gavin (June 27, 2013). “Here Are the 14 Republicans Who Voted for Immigration Reform”. Mother Jones. Retrieved June 15, 2015.

^ Jamieson, Dave (June 19, 2013). “Senator Sounds Alarm On Teen Unemployment”. The Huffington Post. Retrieved June 15, 2015.

^ Thibodeau, Patrick (May 1, 2015). “Meet Bernie Sanders, H-1B skeptic”. Computerworld. Retrieved June 15, 2015.

^ David Weigel (July 30, 2015). Bernie Sanders criticizes ‘open borders’ at Hispanic Chamber of Commerce. The Washington Post. Retrieved August 1, 2015.

^ Weigel, Dave. “Bernie Sanders criticizes ‘open borders’ at Hispanic Chamber of Commerce”. The Washington Post. Retrieved July three, 2018.

^ Alternet (June 26, 2015) “Bernie Sanders Was for Full Gay Equality 40 Years Ago”

^ a b Lerer, Lisa (October 3, 2015). “Clinton promotes gay rights as a main pillar of 2016 bid”. Associated Press. Archived from the original on November 13, 2015.

^ a b Bradner, Eric (July five, 2015). “Bernie Sanders desires to ‘carry us to the middle’ on guns”. CNN. Retrieved July 6, 2015.

^ a b Stern, Mark Joseph (May 6, 2015). “Bernie Sanders, Gun Nut: He supported the most reprehensible seasoned-gun legislation in recent memory”. Slate.

^ “S.397 (109th): Protection of Lawful Commerce in Arms Act”. GovTrack. Retrieved July 22, 2015.

^ james321. “Bernie Sanders speaks out forcefully in opposition to mass incarceration and abusive policing in America”. Daily Kos. Retrieved July 19, 2015.

^ “The Week in Review”. Bernie Sanders United States Senator for Vermont. July 24, 2015. Retrieved July 26, 2015.

^ Remarks by way of Senator Sanders to the National Urban League Archived March 9, 2016, on the Wayback Machine. BernieSanders.com. July 31, 2015.

^ Justice Is Not For Sale Act. Sanders.senate.gov

^ Bernie Sanders pronounces warfare at the prison-industrial complicated with most important new bill. Salon. September 17, 2015.

^ Bernie Sanders (September 22, 2015). We Must End For-Profit Prisons. The Huffington Post. Retrieved September 23, 2015.

^ Zaid Jilani (July 20, 2015). 20 Examples of Bernie Sanders’ Powerful Record on Civil and Human Rights Since the Nineteen Fifties. Alternet. Retrieved July 21, 2015.

^ Parks, Maryalice (October 28, 2015). “Bernie Sanders Backs Decriminalizing Marijuana on Federal Level”. ABC News.

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External links[edit]Official internet site

Biography on the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress

Profile at Vote Smart

Financial statistics (federal office) at the Federal Election Commission

Legislation sponsored at the Library of Congress

Bernie Sanders (Video 59:forty three; C-SPAN; March 9, 2015; National Press Club).

Bernie Sanders at Liberty University with Q&A, September 14, 2015

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