Bernie Sanders – Wikipedia

“. Talking Points Memo. Retrieved DecemBernie Sanders ber 17, 2010.

^ Bedard, Paul (March 15, 2011). “Sanders’s 8.5 Hour Tax Cut Filibuster Gets a Book”. US News. Retrieved May 15, 2016.

^ Adibi, Ida (July 30, 2017). “Bernie’s Vote On Sanctions Was About Protecting The Iran Deal From Trump”. HuffPost.

^ “US bill on Russia sanctions prompts German, Austrian outcry”. Deutsche Welle. June 15, 2017.

^ Sanders, Bernie (June 15, 2017). “Sanders Statement on Iran and Russia Sanctions” (Press release). Washington, D.C.: Bernie Sanders United States Senate. Retrieved August 27, 2019.

^ a b Detrow, Scott (December 13, 2018). “Senate votes to end U.S. support for war in Yemen, rebuking Trump and Saudi Arabia”. NPR. Retrieved January 1, 2019.

^ a b Caldwell, Leigh Ann (November 28, 2018). “Senate advances bill to end U.S. involvement in Yemen war after ‘inadequate’ briefing on Saudi Arabia”. NBC News. Retrieved January 1, 2019.

^ a b Ward, Alex (November 28, 2018). “The Senate is moving closer to ending US support for the war in Yemen”. Vox. Retrieved January 1, 2019.

^ “Senate Joint Resolution 54 of the 115th Congress: A joint resolution to direct the removal of United States Armed Forces from hostilities in the Republic of Yemen that have not been authorized by Congress”. December 19, 2018. Retrieved January 1, 2019.

^ Davis, Julie Hirschfeld; Schmitt, Eric (December 13, 2018). “Senate votes to end aid for Yemen fight over Khashoggi killing and Saudis’ war aims”. The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved January 1, 2019.

^ “Roll Call Vote 115th Congress – 2nd Session”. December 13, 2018. Retrieved December 20, 2019. Vote Number 266

^ Sonmez, Felicia; Dawsey, Josh; Demirjian, Karoun (April 16, 2019). “Trump vetoes resolution to end U.S. participation in Yemen’s civil war”. The Washington Post. Retrieved January 21, 2020.

^ Vales, Leinz (May 4, 2017). “Thousands will die if House bill becomes law, Bernie Sanders says”. CNN.

^ Jacobson, Louis (June 27, 2017). “Bernie Sanders’ projection of ‘thousands’ of deaths from lost health coverage is well-supported”. PolitiFact. Retrieved June 29, 2017.

^ Kurtzleben, Danielle (September 14, 2017). “Here’s What’s In Bernie Sanders’ ‘Medicare For All’ Bill”. NPR. Retrieved September 17, 2017.

^ “Older Americans Act”. May 23, 2015. Retrieved July 4, 2015.

^ a b c Kim, Seung Min (June 19, 2015). “Sanders and immigration? It’s complicated”. Politico. Retrieved June 4, 2018.

^ a b Lachman, Samantha (July 22, 2015). “Bernie Sanders Introduces $15 Minimum Wage Bill As Federal Contract Workers Strike”. HuffPost. Retrieved August 18, 2015.

^ Kampf-Lassin, Miles (May 9, 2018). “Bernie Sanders Has a Sweeping Plan to Expand Union Rights and Workplace Democracy”. In These Times. Retrieved May 12, 2018.

^ Sanders, Bernie (May 24, 2017). “Bernie Sanders: Trump’s budget is immoral”. CNN. Retrieved October 25, 2017.

^ Sanders, Bernie (November 13, 2017). “Bernie Sanders: We must end global oligarchy”. CNN. Retrieved November 13, 2017.

^ Stewart, Emily (September 5, 2018). “Bernie Sanders’s BEZOS bill takes aim at how Amazon pays workers”. Vox. Retrieved September 14, 2018.

^ Santus, Rex (October 2, 2018). “Jeff Bezos just caved to activists and Bernie Sanders and raised Amazon’s minimum wage to $15”. Vice. Retrieved October 4, 2018. What Mr. Bezos today has done is not only enormously important for Amazon’s hundreds of thousands of employees. It could well be, and I think it will be, a shot heard around the world.

^ Herb, Jeramy (June 5, 2014). “Sanders, McCain strike VA deal”. Politico. Retrieved January 22, 2020.

^ “Legislative Search Results”. Congress of the United States. Retrieved January 22, 2020.

^ “Legislative Search Results”. Congress of the United States. Retrieved January 22, 2020.

^ Trudo, Hanna; Gass, Nick (March 17, 2016). “Sanders: I wouldn’t have picked Garland for Supreme Court”. Politico.

^ a b Carney, Jordain (March 23, 2017). “Sanders to oppose Gorsuch’s nomination”. The Hill.

^ Carlsen, Audrey (April 7, 2017). “How Senators Voted on the Gorsuch Confirmation”. The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved May 14, 2018.

^ Cooper, Anderson (October 15, 2015). “Bernie Sanders criticized for leadership in VA committee”. Anderson Cooper 360°. CNN. Retrieved December 18, 2019.

^ a b Needham, Vicki (December 12, 2014). “Senate Democrats lock in key committee memberships”. The Hill. Retrieved July 19, 2015.

^ Resnikoff, Ned (February 19, 2015). “Bernie Sanders, mulling presidential run, adopts novel stance on deficit”. Al Jazeera. Retrieved March 25, 2015.

^ Staff. “Committee Assignments”. US Senate. Retrieved February 11, 2021.

^ a b Rebuild the Dream. Nation Books. April 3, 2012. p. 27. ISBN 9781568587158.

^ “Caucus Members”. Congressional Progressive Caucus. Retrieved March 29, 2021.

^ “Members”. Afterschool Alliance. Retrieved April 17, 2018.

^ a b Easley, Jason (August 2, 2011). “Americans Love Bernie Sanders Socialism: Bernie Sanders Is The 3rd Most Popular US Senator”. Politics USA. Archived from the original on December 29, 2014. Retrieved July 18, 2015.

^ Ackerman, Seth (June 29, 2015). “Give the People What They Want: Bernie Sanders’ signature issues aren’t ‘white’ issues”. Jacobin. ISSN 2158-2602. Archived from the original on July 21, 2015.

^ “Forward 50 2015”. The Forward. November 11, 2015. Retrieved November 11, 2015.

^ a b Wofford, Taylor (November 24, 2015). “Bernie Sanders Is America’s Most Popular Senator, New Survey Says”. Newsweek. Retrieved December 18, 2019.

^ Timm, Trevor (March 17, 2017). “Everyone loves Bernie Sanders. Except, it seems, the Democratic party”. The Guardian. Retrieved December 18, 2019.

^ Wofford, Taylor (April 28, 2016). “Bernie Sanders is America’s Most Popular Senator, Mitch McConnell its Least”. Newsweek. Retrieved September 17, 2016.

^ a b Easley, Jonathan (April 18, 2017). “Poll: Bernie Sanders country’s most popular active politician”. The Hill. Retrieved April 20, 2017.

^ Easley, Jonathan (August 24, 2017). “Poll: McConnell the country’s least popular politician”. The Hill.

^ Levitz, Eric (February 19, 2020). “Sanders Considered Primarying Obama in 2012: Report”. New York. Retrieved February 23, 2020.

^ Joseph, Cameron (November 18, 2013). “Bernie Sanders won’t rule out presidential bid, touts Elizabeth Warren”. The Hill. News Communications. Retrieved January 25, 2020.

^ Eidelson, Josh (November 27, 2013). “Bernie Sanders: Why I might run in 2016”. Salon. Retrieved January 25, 2020.

^ Inskeep, Steve (December 15, 2014). “‘Warning Shot’: Sen. Warren On Fighting Banks, And Her Political Future”. 90.9 WBUR News. NPR. Retrieved January 25, 2020.

^ “A Look Back at Bernie Sanders’ Campaign One Year Later”. ABC News.

^ a b Kane, Paul; Rucker, Philip (April 30, 2015). “An unlikely contender, Sanders takes on ‘billionaire class’ in 2016 bid”. The Washington Post. Retrieved April 30, 2015.

^ a b c Rappeport, Alan (April 29, 2015). “Bernie Sanders Announces He Is Running for President”. The New York Times. Retrieved April 30, 2015.

^ Cogan, Marin (April 30, 2015). “Daily Intelligencer: Bernie Sanders Is Officially Running for President – That Doesn’t Mean You Can Ask Him About Hillary Clinton”. New York. Retrieved July 18, 2015.

^ Pointdujour, Prisca (May 2, 2015). “Elizabeth Warren praises Bernie Sanders prez bid”. Boston Herald. Retrieved May 3, 2015.

^ Kamisar, Ben (June 19, 2015). “Ready for Warren Endorses Sanders”. The Hill. Retrieved February 24, 2016.

^ Blake, Aaron (July 24, 2016). “Here are the latest, most damaging things in the DNC’s leaked emails”. The Washington Post.

^ a b Lee, MJ; Merica, Dan; Zeleny, Jeff (July 12, 2016). “Bernie Sanders endorses Hillary Clinton”. CNN. Retrieved May 15, 2018.

^ Bradner, Eric (April 30, 2015). “Sanders doesn’t want billionaires’ backing”. CNN. Retrieved May 4, 2015.

^ Thomas, Ken (May 1, 2015). “Sanders raises $1.5M after announcing presidential bid”. Yahoo News. Associated Press. Archived from the original on July 22, 2015. Retrieved July 19, 2015.

^ “Sanders raises $33M in final quarter, $73M total for 2015”. Politico. January 2, 2016. Retrieved January 2, 2016.

^ Blumenthal, Paul (January 31, 2015). “Bernie Sanders’ Small Donor Fundraising Continues To Set Records”. HuffPost.

^ Corasaniti, Nick (May 18, 2015). “Seeking the Presidency, Bernie Sanders Becomes Facebook Royalty Through Quirky Sharing”. The New York Times. Retrieved May 21, 2015.

^ Lerer, Lisa (July 30, 2015). “More than 100,000 people participated in a mega-grassroots Bernie Sanders event”. Business Insider. Retrieved August 19, 2015.

^ Tesfaye, Sofia (June 16, 2015). “America is feeling the Bern: Bernie Sanders draws overflow crowds – and surges in the polls”. Retrieved June 16, 2015.

^ Wagner, John (June 15, 2015). “Meet the people coming to see Bernie Sanders in Iowa”. The Washington Post. Retrieved June 16, 2015.

^ Keith, Tamara (June 15, 2015). “Bernie Sanders ‘Stunned’ By Large Crowds Showing Up For Him”. NPR. Retrieved June 16, 2015.

^ Jacobs, Ben (June 25, 2015). “Bernie Sanders closes on Hillary Clinton in New Hampshire Democrats poll”. The Guardian. Retrieved July 2, 2015.

^ Seitz-Wald, Alex (July 1, 2015). “Bernie Sanders draws biggest crowd of any 2016 candidate yet”. MSNBC. Retrieved July 2, 2015.

^ Reilly, Mollie (July 1, 2015). “Bernie Sanders Draws His Biggest Crowd Yet In Progressive Stronghold”. HuffPost. Retrieved July 2, 2015.

^ Wagner, John (July 19, 2015). “Bernie Sanders draws his biggest crowd yet – in Arizona of all places”. The Washington Post. Retrieved July 21, 2015.

^ Connelly, Joel (August 8, 2015). “Bernie Sanders draws 15,000 people at UW, state’s biggest political crowd since 2010 Obama visit”. Seattle Post-Intelligencer. Retrieved August 9, 2015.

^ Cillizza, Chris (August 10, 2015). “This Bernie Sanders crowd shot should make Hillary Clinton a little jittery”. The Washington Post. Retrieved August 10, 2015.

^ Mataconis, Doug (December 22, 2015). “How Saturday debates protect Hillary Clinton”. The Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved December 23, 2015.

^ Sargent, Greg (February 3, 2016). “It’s on: Looks like we’re getting four more Democratic debates”. The Washington Post. Retrieved March 30, 2016.

^ Yen, Hope (June 7, 2016). “Delegate math: Clinton wins, and how AP counts delegates”. Associated Press. Retrieved June 4, 2018.

^ Merica, Dan; Stelter, Brian (May 24, 2016). “Clinton declines to debate Sanders in California”. CNN. Retrieved November 16, 2016.

^ Sullivan, Margaret (September 9, 2015). “Public Editor’s Journal: Has The Times Dismissed Bernie Sanders?”. The New York Times. Archived from the original on September 23, 2015.

^ Debenedetti, Gabriel; Gass, Nick (September 10, 2015). “Bernie Sanders overtakes Hillary Clinton in Iowa”. Politico. Retrieved September 11, 2015.

^ “Report: Top News Shows Give Trump 234 Minutes, Sanders 10 Minutes”. Democracy Now. December 15, 2015. 6:06. Archived from the original on December 16, 2015. Retrieved December 15, 2015.

^ a b c John Sides; Michael Tesler; Lynn Vavreck (2018). Identity Crisis. Princeton University Press. pp. 8, 99, 104–107. ISBN 978-0-691-17419-8. Archived from the original on November 14, 2019. Retrieved December 8, 2019. Sanders’s media coverage and polling numbers were strongly correlated… At this point in time [2015], Sanders’s share of news coverage far exceeded his share in national polls.

^ a b Thomas E. Patterson, Pre-Primary News Coverage of the 2016 Presidential Race: Trump’s Rise, Sanders’ Emergence, Clinton’s Struggle, archived from the original on November 27, 2019, retrieved December 1, 2019

^ a b Bitecofer, Rachel (2018). The Unprecedented 2016 Presidential Election. Palgrave. pp. 36–38, 48. doi:10.1007/978-3-319-61976-7. ISBN 978-3-319-61975-0.

^ Goodman, Amy (November 29, 2016). “Bernie Sanders: “I Was Stunned” by Corporate Media Blackout During Democratic Primary”. Democracy Now. Retrieved December 18, 2019.

^ Murray, Mark (May 23, 2016). “Meet the Press”. NBC. Retrieved May 23, 2016.

^ Todd, Chuck; Murray, Mark; Dann, Carrie (May 23, 2016). “First Read: Clinton’s Challenge Is Winning Over Sanders Voters”. NBC. Retrieved May 23, 2016.

^ Decker, Cathleen (April 19, 2016). “Why young voters are flocking to Sanders and older ones to Clinton”. Retrieved September 6, 2016.

^ Le Miere, Jason (August 23, 2017). “Bernie Sanders Voters Helped Trump and Here’s Proof”. Newsweek. Retrieved May 25, 2018.

^ Newport, Frank. “If McCain vs. Obama, 28% of Clinton Backers Go for McCain”. Gallup. Retrieved July 2, 2021.

^ Vaughn, Ververs. “Who Were Those Clinton-McCain Crossover Voters?”. CBS News. Retrieved July 2, 2021.

^ Shear, Michael D.; Rosenberg, Matthew (July 22, 2016). “Released Emails Suggest the D.N.C. Derided the Sanders Campaign”. The New York Times. Retrieved February 9, 2020.

^ Zeleny, Jeff; Lee, MJ; Bradner, Eric (July 22, 2016). “Emails released by Wikileaks raise questions of DNC’s impartiality”. CNN. Retrieved February 9, 2020.

^ Alcindor, Yamiche (June 16, 2016). “Bernie Sanders, Still Running, Pledges to ‘Make Certain’ Donald Trump Is Defeated”. The New York Times. Retrieved June 18, 2016.

^ Alcindor, Yamiche (June 12, 2016). “Bernie Sanders Refuses to Concede Nomination to Hillary Clinton”. The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved March 2, 2020.

^ Collinson, Stephen (July 26, 2016). “Bernie Sanders: ‘I am proud to stand with her'”. CNN. Retrieved July 26, 2016.

^ Warner, Claire (October 19, 2016). “Ralph Nader Got The Most Write-In Votes For President Ever, But Election Write-Ins Have A Long History”. Retrieved September 6, 2017.

^ a b “Vermont Election Night Results”. Retrieved September 6, 2017.

^ a b Dwilson, Stephanie Dube (November 16, 2016). “How Many Write-In Votes Did Bernie Sanders Get in the Election?”. Retrieved September 6, 2017.

^ “Presidential election results in California, 2016” (PDF). Retrieved September 6, 2017.

^ “President of the United States – 2016 General Election – NHSOS”. Retrieved September 6, 2017.

^ O’Connor, Kevin (November 15, 2016). “Sanders’ Book ‘Our Revolution’ Arriving with New Significance”. VTDigger. Retrieved November 21, 2016. …the candidate who had been anointed by the entire establishment, was winning, but at the same time was losing state after state by huge margins.

^ Johnson, Ted (November 27, 2017). “Bernie Sanders Earns Grammy Nomination”. Variety. Retrieved November 27, 2017.

^ Seitz-Wald, Alex (April 2, 2017). “The Sanders Show: Welcome to ‘Bernie TV'”. NBC News. Retrieved April 4, 2017.

^ May, Charlie (April 3, 2017). “Forget Trump TV. Bernie Sanders has struck gold with his new Facebook Live show”. Retrieved April 4, 2017.

^ Schwartz, Drew (August 24, 2017). “Bernie Sanders Is the Most Popular Politician in America, Poll Says”. Vice. Retrieved August 25, 2017.

^ Collins, Michael (February 17, 2018). “Indictment: Russians also tried to help Bernie Sanders, Jill Stein presidential campaigns”. USA Today. Retrieved February 24, 2018.

^ a b Dovere, Edward-Isaac (February 21, 2018). “Bernie blames Hillary for allowing Russian interference”. Politico. Retrieved February 24, 2018.

^ a b Dovere, Edward-Isaac (February 24, 2018). “Bernie Sanders promoted false story on reporting Russian trolls”. Politico. Retrieved February 24, 2018.

^ Wegel, David (December 1, 2018). “Bernie Sanders turns focus to the White House and the world”. The Washington Post. Retrieved December 2, 2018.

^ “An Open Call to All Progressive Forces”. Progressive International. November 30, 2018. Retrieved December 2, 2018.

^ Sanders, Bernie (September 13, 2018). “A new authoritarian axis demands an international progressive front”. The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved October 27, 2018.

^ Lachman, Samantha (April 27, 2016). “Former Bernie Sanders Staffers Seek To Elect A ‘Brand New Congress'”. HuffPost. Retrieved November 20, 2016.

^ Guadiano, Nicole (July 15, 2016). “Bernie Sanders will launch organizations to spread progressive message”. USA Today. Retrieved July 27, 2016.

^ Harper, Jennifer (August 18, 2016). “Bernie Sanders: Still percolating”. The Washington Times. Retrieved August 19, 2016. Election days come and go, but the struggle for economic, social, racial and environmental justice must continue. We have the guts and the energy to take on the special interests, win critical battles on the most important issues of our time, and redefine what’s possible in this country. Now it’s time for all of us to get to work.

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^ Zurcher, Anthony (June 20, 2019). “Bernie Sanders: What’s different this time around?”. BBC News. London, England: BBC. Retrieved August 23, 2019.

^ Cassidy, John (February 2, 2016). “Bernie Sanders Just Changed the Democratic Party”. The New Yorker. Retrieved August 23, 2019.

^ Spross, Jeff (April 24, 2018). “Bernie Sanders has Conquered the Democratic Party”. The Week. Retrieved August 23, 2019.

^ Bouie, Jamelle (July 11, 2016). “What Bernie Sanders Has Won”. Retrieved June 3, 2018.

^ McGreal, Chris (September 2, 2017). “‘The S-word’: how young Americans fell in love with socialism”. The Guardian. Retrieved June 19, 2021.

^ Kinzel, Bob (February 19, 2019). “He’s In For 2020: Bernie Sanders Is Running For President Again”. Retrieved February 19, 2019.

^ DiStaso, John (February 22, 2019). “Independent Bernie Sanders to put in writing that he’s a ‘bona fide’ Democrat”. WMUR.

^ a b Seitz-Wald, Alex (March 5, 2019). “Bernie Sanders signs DNC loyalty pledge: ‘I am a member of the Democratic Party'”. NBC News. Retrieved March 7, 2019.

^ Resnick, Gideon; Ackerman, Spencer; Stein, Sam (February 19, 2019). “Bernie Sanders Hires Top Progressive Advocate, Faiz Shakir, as Campaign Manager”. Daily Beast. Retrieved October 16, 2019.

^ Gamboa, Suzanne (February 22, 2019). “San Juan Mayor Carmen Yulín Cruz to co-chair Bernie Sanders 2020 campaign”. NBC News. Retrieved October 16, 2019.

^ Detrow, Scott; Taylor, Jessica (February 19, 2019). “Bernie Sanders Enters 2020 Presidential Campaign, No Longer An Underdog”. NPR. Archived from the original on February 20, 2019. Retrieved February 19, 2019.

^ Stewart, Emily (July 5, 2019). “Bernie Sanders is winning the internet. Will it win him the White House?”. Vox. Retrieved September 21, 2019.

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^ Jin, Beatrice; Severns, Maggie (October 15, 2019). “The Money”. Politico. Retrieved December 18, 2019.

^ Korte, Cara (September 19, 2019). “Bernie Sanders has 1 million donors”. CBS News. Retrieved September 21, 2019.

^ Krieg, Gregory; Nobles, Ryan (October 1, 2019). “Bernie Sanders scores massive $25.3 million third quarter fundraising haul”. CNN on MSN. Retrieved October 2, 2019.

^ Lee, Michelle Ye Hee; Sullivan, Sean; Wang, Amy B. (October 2, 2019). “Sanders raised $25.3 million in third quarter, campaign says”. Washington Post. Retrieved October 2, 2019.

^ Smith, Allan (January 2, 2020). “Trump brings in $46M in 4th quarter, as Sanders, Yang smash their previous records”. NBC News. Retrieved January 2, 2020.

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^ Kapur, Sahil; Brewster, Shaquille (February 12, 2020). “Bernie Sanders is now the front-runner. And moderates may be too divided to stop him”. NBC. Retrieved February 20, 2020.

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^ Leetaru, Kalev (August 22, 2019). “Ranking the 2020 Democratic Candidates by Media Coverage”. RealClearPolitics. Retrieved September 21, 2019.

^ Concha, Joe (April 16, 2019). “Bernie Sanders Fox News town hall draws more than 2.55 million”. The Hill. Archived from the original on April 16, 2019. Retrieved April 16, 2019.

^ Sunkara, Bhaskar (April 16, 2019). “How wide is Bernie Sanders’s appeal? This cheering Fox News audience is a clue”. The Guardian. Archived from the original on April 17, 2019. Retrieved April 18, 2019.

^ Re, Gregg (April 15, 2019). “Bernie Sanders, at combative Fox News town hall, makes no apologies for making millions”. Fox News. Retrieved September 21, 2019.

^ Fearnow, Benjamin (April 3, 2019). “Democrats Ridicule Bernie Sanders Over Fox News Town Hall Plans, Conservatives and Moderates Offer Rare Praise”. Newsweek. Retrieved September 21, 2019.

^ “Town hall with Bernie Sanders”. YouTube. Retrieved September 21, 2019.

^ Prokos, Hayley (August 7, 2019). “Joe Rogan Praised by Twitter After Bernie Sanders Appears On Podcast to Debate Health Care, Gun Laws and Aliens”. Newsweek. Retrieved August 10, 2019.

^ “Joe Rogan Experience #1334 – Fahim Anwar”. YouTube. Retrieved September 21, 2019.

^ “Joe Rogan Experience #1330 – Bernie Sanders”. YouTube. Retrieved August 10, 2019.

^ “Democratic debate: The winners and losers”. BBC News. September 13, 2019. Retrieved September 21, 2019.

^ Light, John; Taintor, David (September 12, 2019). “Here’s How Each Candidate Stood Out During The Debate”. Talking Points Memo. Retrieved September 21, 2019.

^ Graham, Todd (October 16, 2019). “Debate coach: A star emerged from the Democratic debate”. CNN. Retrieved October 16, 2019.

^ Derysh, Igor. “Elizabeth Warren: Bernie Sanders “disagreed” with me that a “woman could win” the presidency”. Salon. Retrieved February 19, 2020.

^ a b Ember, Sydney (April 8, 2020). “Bernie Sanders Drops Out of 2020 Democratic Race for President”. The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved April 8, 2020.

^ Krieg, Gregory; Nobles, Ryan; Grayer, Annie (April 8, 2020). “Bernie Sanders drops out of the 2020 race, clearing Joe Biden’s path to the Democratic nomination”. CNN. Retrieved April 10, 2020.

^ Pramuk, Jacob (April 8, 2020). “Bernie Sanders drops out of the presidential race”. CNBC. Retrieved April 10, 2020.

^ Mitchell, Andrea (April 8, 2020). “Sanders drops out, remains on ballot to press issues important to political agenda”. MSNBC. Retrieved April 9, 2020.

^ “Bernie Sanders endorses Joe Biden for president”. CNN. Retrieved June 21, 2020.

^Sanders, Bernie (May 26, 2013). “What Can We Learn From Denmark?”. HuffPost. Retrieved August 19, 2013.

Issenberg, Sasha (January 9, 2010). “Sanders a growing force on the far, far left”. Boston Globe. Retrieved August 24, 2013. You go to Scandinavia, and you will find that people have a much higher standard of living, in terms of education, health care, and decent paying jobs.

Topaz, Jonathan; Schreckinger, Ben (July 6, 2015). “The socialist surge”. Politico. Retrieved August 18, 2015.  ’I believe that, in the long run, major industries in this state and nation should be publicly owned and controlled by the workers themselves,’ he wrote in 1976.

Lynch, Conor (October 8, 2015). “Bernie Sanders is Ayn Rand’s worst nightmare: He’s changing how we view socialism – and exposing free market parasites”. Retrieved February 14, 2020.

McMurry, Evan (May 3, 2015). “Bernie Sanders: America Should Look More Like Scandinavia”. Mediaite. Archived from the original on May 4, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.

^ a b Jaffe, Sarah (July 14, 2009). “Sanders Schools McCain on Public Healthcare”. The Nation. Retrieved October 16, 2013. Senator Bernie Sanders is one of the Senate’s fiercest advocates for real healthcare reform that puts Americans, not private insurance companies, first. Recently, Sanders told The Nation’s Katrina vanden Heuvel, ‘[I]f you are serious about real healthcare reform, the only way to go is single-payer.’

^ Carter, Zach (May 19, 2012). “Bernie Sanders Offers Plan To Cut Prescription Drug Prices”. HuffPost. Retrieved August 16, 2014.

^ Koenig, Bryan (September 24, 2013). “Bernie Sanders: Obamacare is a ‘good Republican program'”. CNN.

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^ “Bernie Sanders has had consistent message for 4 decades”. The Seattle Times. Associated Press. May 11, 2015. ISSN 0745-9696. Archived from the original on November 11, 2015.

^ Maddow, Rachel (August 13, 2015). “Bernie Sanders’ track record distinguished by consistency”. MSNBC. Retrieved October 13, 2015.

^ Harris, Malcolm (October 19, 2015). “Is Bernie Sanders Really a Socialist?”. Al Jazeera America. Retrieved February 3, 2021.

^ Marshall-Genzer, Nancy (November 18, 2015). “Explaining “democratic socialism””. Marketplace Elections. Retrieved November 19, 2015.

^ Murphy, Patricia (October 10, 2015). “Real socialists think Bernie is a sellout”. The Daily Beast. Retrieved February 3, 2016.

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^ Davis, Mark (July 19, 2015). “A Former Ally Says Bernie Sanders Has Changed”. The Daily Beast. Retrieved February 3, 2016.

^ Benson, Thor (April 30, 2015). “Stop Calling Bernie Sanders a Socialist”. The New Republic. Retrieved July 18, 2018.

^ Worstall, Tim (May 17, 2016). “Bernie’s Democratic Socialism Isn’t Socialism, It’s Social Democracy”. Forbes. Retrieved July 18, 2018.

^McArdle, Megan (June 13, 2019). “Bernie Sanders’s brand of socialism is hard to pin down”. The Washington Post.

Tupy, Marian (March 1, 2016). “Bernie Is Not a Socialist and America Is Not Capitalist”. The Atlantic. Retrieved January 14, 2020.

^ a b Totten, Shay (January 15, 2007). “Sanders to push global warming legislation in Senate”. Vermont Guardian. Archived from the original on May 8, 2015. Retrieved August 4, 2009. Sen. Bernie Sanders, I-VT, said Monday he was making good on at least one of a handful of campaign promises — introducing a bill designed to cut U.S. contributions to global greenhouse gas emissions in the next decade. … Sanders added that construction of new power plants is “extraordinarily expensive” and he would prefer to see federal funding support used to expand the development of sustainable energy, as well as biofuels.

^ Goodman, Amy (September 22, 2014). “Bernie Sanders at People’s Climate March: To Stop Global Warming, Get Dirty Money Out of Politics”. Democracy now!. Retrieved February 14, 2020.

^ Halsey, Ashley, III (January 27, 2015). “Bernie Sanders wants to spend $1 trillion on infrastruture”. The Washington Post. Retrieved August 18, 2015.

^ Easley, Jonathan (November 14, 2015). “Sanders: Climate change still greatest threat to national security”. The Hill. Retrieved December 19, 2019.

^ “Bernie Sanders in climate change ‘population control’ uproar”. BBC News. September 5, 2019. Retrieved February 14, 2020.

^ Sammon, Alexander (October 13, 2016). “Bernie Sanders Just Asked President Obama to Halt the Dakota Access Pipeline”. Mother Jones. Retrieved February 14, 2020.

^ Olivia, Rosane (February 19, 2019). “Bernie Sanders Enters 2020 Race, Promises Own Version of Green New Deal”. EcoWatch. Archived from the original on April 19, 2019. Retrieved April 19, 2019.

^ Day, Meagan (July 10, 2019). “The US Government Should Declare Climate Emergency”. Jacobin. Retrieved July 10, 2019.

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^ Pilkington, Ed (December 15, 2017). “Trump turning US into ‘world champion of extreme inequality’, UN envoy warns”. The Guardian. Retrieved December 16, 2017. We are moving into 2018 – we should not be living in a country with 41 million people living in poverty and so many more in extreme poverty, and nobody even talks about it. – Bernie Sanders

^ Nobles, Ryan; Krieg, Gregory (June 23, 2019). “Bernie Sanders to unveil plan to cancel all $1.6 trillion of student loan debt”. CNN. Retrieved June 24, 2019.

^ Resnikoff, Ned (May 19, 2015). “Bernie Sanders unveils plan for tuition-free public colleges”. Al Jazeera. Retrieved August 18, 2015.

^ “Sanders Files Bill to Strengthen, Expand Social Security”. (Press release). March 12, 2015. Retrieved February 9, 2020.

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^ Resnikoff, Ned (October 6, 2015). “Bernie Sanders proposes sweeping labor law reforms”. Al Jazeera. Retrieved October 6, 2015.

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^ Sanders, Bernie (January 5, 2016). “Text of Bernie Sanders’ Wall Street and economy speech”. MarketWatch. Retrieved January 6, 2016.

^ Sanders, Bernie (May 7, 2015). “Break Up Big Banks”. HuffPost. Retrieved August 18, 2015.

^ Everett, Burgess (July 17, 2015). “Bernie Sanders backs big bank breakups, in contrast with Hillary Clinton”. Politico. Retrieved August 18, 2015.

^ Sanders, Bernie (December 23, 2015). “Bernie Sanders: To Rein In Wall Street, Fix the Fed”. The New York Times. Retrieved December 23, 2015.

^ Pinsker, Joe (October 20, 2015). “Bernie Sanders’s Highly Sensible Plan to Turn Post Offices Into Banks”. The Atlantic. Retrieved January 6, 2016.

^ Sanders, Bernie (May 21, 2015). “The TPP Must Be Defeated”. HuffPost. Retrieved August 18, 2015.

^ “Bernie Sanders on Free Trade”. On the Issues. Retrieved January 20, 2016.

^ “The Democratic candidates on foreign policy”. Foreign Policy.

^ Katz, Jonathan M. (May 30, 2019). “Who Was Naive About Bernie Sanders Meeting the Sandinistas?”. Mother Jones.

^ “Flashback: Rep. Bernie Sanders Opposes Iraq War”.

^ Krieg, Gregory (May 7, 2015). “Bernie Sanders Rips NSA Spying and Pushes for End to Mass Surveillance”. Retrieved August 18, 2015.

^ “Statement on NSA Surveillance”. Sen. Bernie Sanders. Retrieved October 13, 2015.

^ “House Session”. C-SPAN. October 9, 2002. p. 13:00:50. Retrieved February 14, 2020.

^ “Bernie Sanders accuses Netanyahu of overreacting in Gaza war”. The Times of Israel. November 19, 2015. Retrieved February 14, 2020.

^ Fang, Lee; Emmons, Alex (February 28, 2018). “Bernie Sanders Wants Congress to End U.S. Support for Yemen War. Saudi Lobbyists Fought Similar Measures Last Year”. The Intercept. Retrieved February 14, 2020.

^ LoBianco, Tom (November 17, 2015). “Bernie Sanders on ISIS: U.S. needs to be “tough” not “stupid””. CNN. Retrieved February 9, 2020.

^ Choi, Matthew (January 3, 2020). “2020 Dems warn of escalation in Middle East after Soleimani killing”. Politico. Archived from the original on January 3, 2020. Retrieved February 14, 2020.

^ Siddiqui, Usaid (February 24, 2020). “Sanders accuses pro-Israel group of giving platform to ‘bigotry'”. Al Jazeera. Retrieved February 24, 2020.

^ Cortellessa, Eric (December 6, 2017). “Liberal US Jews blast Trump’s expected Jerusalem declaration”. The Times of Israel. Retrieved February 14, 2020.

^ Sanders, Bernie (December 5, 2017). “Sanders Statement on Trump’s Plan to Recognize Jerusalem as the Capital of Israel”. Retrieved February 28, 2020.

^ Hancock, Jason (September 21, 2017). “Bernie Sanders, in Missouri speech, takes aim at ‘outrageous’ inequalities”. The Kansas City Star. Retrieved September 24, 2017.

^ Detrow, Scott (September 21, 2017). “Bernie Sanders Lays Out His Foreign Policy Vision”. NPR. Retrieved September 24, 2017.

^ Berman, Paul (November 18, 2018). “The Foreign Policy of the American Left”. Tablet Magazine. Retrieved November 27, 2018.

^ Mortazavi, Negar (October 16, 2019). “Democratic debate: Military veterans Tulsi Gabbard and Pete Buttigieg clash over Syria”. The Independent. Retrieved February 9, 2020.

^ Ben, Kamisar (February 28, 2018). “Gun control push complicates Sanders’s 2020 ambitions”. The Hill. Retrieved March 25, 2018.

^ Willis, Derek; McCartney, Allison; Merrill, Jeremy B. (April 17, 2013). “Represent: Senate Vote 97: Defeats Manchin–Toomey Background Checks Proposal”. ProPublica. Retrieved May 28, 2018.

^ “Bernie Sanders on Gun Control”. Retrieved July 27, 2016.

^ Fahrenthold, David A. (July 19, 2015). “How the National Rifle Association helped get Bernie Sanders elected”. Washington Post. Retrieved July 16, 2018.

^ Seitz-Wald, Alex (November 19, 2015). “Bernie Sanders explains democratic socialism”. MSNBC. Archived from the original on March 1, 2019. Retrieved March 3, 2019.

^ Tumulty, Karen (September 24, 2015). “Hey Bernie Sanders, are you a feminist?”. The Washington Post. Retrieved February 10, 2016.

^ Lavender, Paige (July 29, 2015). “Bernie Sanders: GOP Efforts To Defund Planned Parenthood ‘An Attack On Women’s Health'”. HuffPost. Retrieved October 5, 2015.

^ Thomas, Ken (August 16, 2015). “Bernie Sanders Vows To Better Address Racism”. HuffPost. Associated Press. Archived from the original on April 5, 2016.

^ “Issues: Racial Justice”. Retrieved August 18, 2015.[non-primary source needed]

^ Tesfaye, Sophia (September 17, 2015). “Bernie Sanders declares war on the prison-industrial complex with major new bill”. Retrieved February 14, 2020.

^ Sanders, Bernie (September 22, 2015). “We Must End For-Profit Prisons”. HuffPost. Retrieved September 23, 2015.

^ Schwartz, Drew (October 29, 2015). “Bernie Sanders Wants to Abolish the Death Penalty”. Vice. Retrieved August 3, 2016. Democratic presidential candidate Bernie Sanders called for an end to the death penalty on Thursday, laying out his case in a Senate floor speech just one day after Hillary Clinton – the party’s 2016 frontrunner and Sanders’ main rival for the nomination – said she was opposed to abolishing the practice.

^ Workneh, Lilly (April 7, 2016). “Bernie Sanders Tells Spike Lee What Black Lives Matter Means To Him”. HuffPost. Retrieved October 6, 2016.

^ Stuart, Tessa (October 28, 2015). “Bernie Sanders Supports Ending Federal Marijuana Ban”. Rolling Stone. Retrieved February 14, 2020.

^ “Legislation: Campaign Finance”. Bernie Sanders: U.S. Senator for Vermont. Retrieved February 17, 2013.

^ “Saving American Democracy Amendment”. Sanders.Senate.Gov. December 8, 2011. Retrieved December 18, 2019.

^ Sanders, Bernie (March 22, 2015). “If We Don’t Overturn Citizens United, The Congress Will Become Paid Employees of the Billionaire Class”. HuffPost. Retrieved July 18, 2015.

^ Frizell, Sam (October 28, 2015). “How Bernie Sanders Evolved on Gay Marriage”. Time. Retrieved August 14, 2017.

^[bare URL]

^ Bradner, Eric (February 6, 2017). “Sanders on Trump: ‘This guy is a fraud'”. CNN. Retrieved February 14, 2020.Shelbourne, Mallory (February 5, 2017). “Sanders: Trump is a ‘fraud'”. The Hill. Retrieved February 14, 2020.

^ Ernst, Douglas (March 30, 2017). “Sanders: Prioritizing jobs over climate change is ‘stupid and dangerous'”. The Washington Times. Retrieved February 14, 2020.

^ Pignataro, Juliana Rose (April 7, 2017). “Bernie Sanders Slams Trump’s Airstrike On Syria”. International Business Times.

^ Panzer, Javier (February 21, 2017). “Bernie Sanders in Los Angeles: ‘The truth is that Trump is a pathological liar'”. Los Angeles Times.

^ Diaz, Daniella (January 31, 2018). “Bernie Sanders holds his own SOTU speech on-line”. CNN. Retrieved February 4, 2018.

^ Haltiwanger, John. “Bernie Sanders skewers the president over Capitol siege: ‘The man directly responsible for the chaos of today is Donald Trump'”. Business Insider. Retrieved January 8, 2021.

^ “Leahy, Sanders vote to convict Trump of inciting insurrection » Senator Bernie Sanders”. Senator Bernie Sanders. Retrieved April 23, 2021.

^ “Climate Mandate – The Team We Need to Combat the Climate Crisis”. Climate Mandate. Retrieved April 23, 2021.

^ “Here’s Why Biden Didn’t Pick Sen. Bernie Sanders for Labor Secretary”. NECN. Retrieved April 23, 2021.

^ Homan, Timothy R. (February 23, 2021). “Sanders votes against Biden USDA nominee Vilsack”. TheHill. Retrieved April 23, 2021.

^ Hooper, Kelly. “Bernie Sanders: Dems will use reconciliation to pass Covid relief ‘as soon as we possibly can'”. POLITICO. Retrieved April 23, 2021.

^ Kate Sullivan. “Biden signs historic $1.9 trillion Covid-19 relief law”. CNN. Retrieved April 23, 2021.

^ Sanders 2016, p. 9. sfn error: multiple targets (3×): CITEREFSanders2016 (help)

^ Burbank, April; Donoghue, Mike (May 26, 2015). “Sanders: ‘We begin a political revolution'”. Burlington Free Press. Retrieved March 12, 2019.

^ “Liberty Union Party Chief in Vermon Quits Position”. Nashua Telegraph. AP. October 12, 1977. Retrieved March 1, 2016.

^ Phillips, Amber (November 19, 2015). “Bernie Sanders: A somewhat reluctant socialist”. Washington Post. Retrieved June 7, 2020.

^ Alterman, Eric (April 15, 2019). “The case against Bernie”. The Nation. ISSN 0027-8378.

^ a b Murphy, Tim (December 17, 2015). “This Is the Campaign That Explains Bernie Sanders”. Mother Jones. Retrieved January 22, 2017.

^ “In Speech from 1983, Sanders Rails Against the Establishment”. WNYC. April 13, 2016. Archived from the original on December 8, 2020.

^ Blake, Aaron (May 21, 2018). “Bernie Sanders is still borrowing the Democratic Party”. The Washington Post. Retrieved March 12, 2019.

^ Dovere, Edward-Isaac (May 21, 2018). “Sanders to run as a Democrat — but not accept nomination”. POLITICO. Retrieved March 12, 2019.

^ Ronayne, Kathleen (November 5, 2015). “Sanders declares as Democrat in NH primary”. Burlington Free Press. Sanders says he’ll run as a Democrat in future elections. He says, ‘I am running as a Democrat obviously, I am a Democrat now.’

^ Blomquist, Dan; Way, Robert (November 5, 2015). “Bernie Sanders files for Democratic ballot in N.H. primary”. Boston Globe. Retrieved December 20, 2019. When a reporter asked Sanders his party allegiance after he filed, Sanders responded, ‘I’m a Democrat.’ He then called on Buckley, the Democratic chairman, who confirmed the senator’s party allegiance. Sanders added that he would run as a Democrat in any future elections.

^ Seitz-Wald, Alex; Koenig, Kailani (November 5, 2015). “Sanders Files for New Hampshire State Ballot Without Incident”. NBC News. Sanders declared himself a Democrat Thursday, and said he will run as a Democrat in future elections, and that was good enough for Gardner.

^ Lee, MJ (February 5, 2016). “Clinton, Sanders clash over what it means to be progressive”. CNN. Retrieved December 20, 2019.

^ See search results for “Sanders (I-VT)” at

^ Nicholas, Peter (July 26, 2016). “Bernie Sanders to Return to Senate as an Independent”. The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved August 6, 2016.

^ Thomsen, Jacqueline (October 22, 2017). “Sanders to run as an independent in 2018”. The Hill. Retrieved November 12, 2017.

^ Sanders, Bernie (November 11, 2016). “Bernie Sanders: Where the Democrats Go From Here”. The New York Times.

^ Roberts, Dan; Asthana, Anushka (June 2, 2017). “‘There’s a real similarity’: Corbyn gets rousing support from Bernie Sanders”. The Guardian. Retrieved July 15, 2017.

^ Kentish, Ben (June 2, 2017). “Bernie Sanders praises ‘courageous’ Jeremy Corbyn for ‘revitalising democracy'”. The Independent. Retrieved July 15, 2017.

^ Sanders, Bernie (June 13, 2017). “Bernie Sanders: How Democrats Can Stop Losing Elections”. The New York Times. Retrieved August 1, 2017.

^ Hasan, Mehdhi (June 26, 2017). “Prime Minister Jeremy Corbyn sitting down with President Bernie Sanders no longer sounds so outlandish”. New Statesman. Retrieved August 1, 2017.

^ Wilkinson, Michael (August 23, 2016). “Bernie Sanders ‘backs Jeremy Corbyn’ in Labour leadership race”. The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved July 15, 2017.

^ Wisloski, Jess; Galloway, Anne (July 9, 2015). “Bernie Sanders’ Early Days in Vermont: His Life, Loves and Circuitous Route to Politics”. VTDigger. Montpelier, Vermont. Retrieved May 23, 2017.

^ Aderet, Ofer (February 4, 2016). “Mystery Solved? Haaretz Archive Reveals Which Kibbutz Bernie Sanders Volunteered On”. Haaretz. Retrieved February 5, 2016.

^ Greenhouse, Emily (May 12, 2015). “Getting to Know Jane Sanders, Wife of Bernie”. Bloomberg. Retrieved August 19, 2015.

^ Cabaniss, Will (August 12, 2015). “George Will describes Bernie Sanders’ Soviet Union honeymoon”. PolitiFact.

^ Bershidsky, Leonid (February 11, 2016). “How Bernie Sanders Spent His Soviet ‘Honeymoon'”. Bloomberg View.

^ Goldstein, Sasha (August 8, 2016). “Bernie Sanders Buys a Summer Home in North Hero”. Seven Days.

^ Nguyen, Tina (August 9, 2016). “Bernie Sanders Buys His Third House”. Vanity Fair – The Hive. Retrieved February 7, 2019.

^ Marcin, Tim (April 21, 2017). “Bernie Sanders tweeted about billionaires’ greed, then some Twitter users brought up his three homes”. Newsweek. Retrieved February 7, 2019.

^ Andrews-Dyer, Helena (August 10, 2016). “Bernie Sanders buys a $575,000 vacation home and the Internet cries hypocrisy”. The Washington Post. Retrieved February 5, 2019.

^ Westfall, Sandra Sobieraj (January 23, 2016). “Bernie Sanders Is ‘Fun Grandpa’: 5 Things We Learned at His Home”. People.

^ “Does Bernie Sanders have grandchildren?”. February 10, 2016.

^ “The Sanders brothers: A tale of two underdogs”. BBC News.

^ “Election results for East Oxford”. Oxfordshire County Council. June 4, 2009. Retrieved May 19, 2014.

^ “Green County Councillor Retires”. Oxfordshire Green Party. June 8, 2013. Retrieved July 18, 2015.

^ Hansen, Lauren (May 8, 2015). “Bernie Sanders’ brother lost his longshot bid for British Parliament”. The Week. Retrieved May 8, 2015.

^ a b Collinson, Stephen (May 7, 2015). “Bernie Sanders’ brotherly love”. CNN. Retrieved May 8, 2015.

^ a b Choi, Matthew; Otterbein, Holly (October 4, 2019). “Bernie Sanders suffered heart attack, has been discharged from hospital”. Politico. Retrieved October 4, 2019.

^ Parks, Maryalice; Margolin, Josh; Karson, Kendall (October 2, 2019). “Bernie Sanders hospitalized with chest pain, campaign events canceled”. ABC News. Retrieved October 2, 2019.

^ Pearce, Matt (October 4, 2019). “Bernie Sanders suffered a heart attack, campaign reveals”. Los Angeles Times. Retrieved October 8, 2019.

^ Krieg, Gregory; Nobles, Ryan (October 8, 2019). “Bernie Sanders to scale back campaign schedule in the wake of heart attack”. Retrieved October 9, 2019.

^ Villa, Lissandra (October 16, 2019). “Bernie Sanders Leverages the Debate for a Comeback Just Weeks After a Heart Attack”. Time. Retrieved October 16, 2019.

^ Ember, Sydney (December 30, 2019). “Bernie Sanders Is in ‘Good Health,’ His Doctors Say”. The New York Times. Retrieved February 2, 2020.

^ Gass, Nick (December 7, 2015). “Bernie Sanders wins Time’s Person of the Year readers’ poll”. Politico. Retrieved December 7, 2015.

^ Frizell, Sam (December 7, 2015). “Bernie Sanders Wins Readers’ Poll for TIME Person of the Year”. Time. Retrieved December 7, 2015.

^ “U.S. Senator Bernie Sanders honoured with Coast Salish name”. News (Indigenous). CBC News. Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. March 25, 2016 [Updated; originally published March 23, 2016]. Archived from the original on July 24, 2018. Retrieved July 24, 2018.

^ Singman, Brooke (May 30, 2017). “Bernie Sanders slams GOP health care plans at New York college graduation”. New York City: Fox News Channel. Retrieved May 30, 2017.

^ a b c d e Berger, Joseph (February 24, 2016). “Bernie Sanders Is Jewish, but He Doesn’t Like to Talk About It”. The New York Times. p. A16. Retrieved February 24, 2016.

^ a b c d Sellers, Frances; Wagner, John (January 27, 2016). “Why Bernie Sanders doesn’t participate in organized religion”. The Washington Post.

^ Zeveloff, Naomi (February 4, 2016). “Bernie Sanders Kibbutz Revealed at Last”. Forward. Retrieved February 4, 2016.

^ “Mystery solved: Sanders volunteered at Kibbutz Shaar HaEmekim”. Jewish Telegraphic Agency. February 5, 2016. Retrieved February 5, 2016.

^ Frances Stead Sellers (February 5, 2016). “The kibbutz Bernie Sanders stayed in may have been revealed”. The Washington Post. Retrieved February 6, 2016.

^ Kellner, Mark (February 10, 2016). “Bernie Sanders supported religious liberty in menorah dispute”. The Washington Post.

^ Ziri, Danielle (February 10, 2016). “Sanders may play down Judaism, but he played big role in Hannukah case”. The Jerusalem Post.

^ Johnson, Sally (December 9, 1988). “The Law; Menorah Ruling: Little New Light”. The New York Times.

^ “Some More Info on Bernie Sanders and Judaism (blog)”. Retrieved December 19, 2019.

^ “Press Package”. Retrieved February 5, 2015.

^ Winston, Kimberly (February 4, 2016). “Bernie Sanders disappoints some atheists with ‘very strong religious’ feelings”. The Washington Post.

^ Friedman, Gabe (October 24, 2015). “Watch: Bernie Sanders talks spirituality, Larry David and marijuana on ‘Jimmy Kimmel'”. Haaretz.

^ “Sanders discusses faith, Clinton grapples with rabbinical question on humility”. Jewish Telegraphic Agency. February 4, 2016. Retrieved February 4, 2016.

^ Kampeas, Ron (October 8, 2015). “Bernie Sanders Opens Up About Jewish Upbringing – at Last”. The Forward.

^ Mangla, Ismat Sarah (February 18, 2016). “Why Aren’t American Jews Celebrating Bernie Sanders In 2016?”. International Business Times.

^ Sanders, Bernie (February 15, 2015). “Pope Francis”. Retrieved June 13, 2015.

^ Heilman, Uriel (February 2, 2016). “New Hampshire Jews all over the map ahead of presidential primary”. The Times of Israel.

^ Horowitz, Jason (April 15, 2016). “As Bernie Sanders Heads to Vatican, a Visit With Pope Francis Seems in Doubt”. The New York Times. Retrieved April 17, 2016.

^ Thomas, Ken (April 16, 2016). “Pope: Sanders encounter sign of good manners, ‘nothing more'”. Associated Press. Retrieved April 17, 2016.

^ NPR Staff (January 30, 2016). “Behind The Music: Bernie Sanders”. NPR. Retrieved February 4, 2016.

^ Stuart, Tessa (December 2, 2015). “The Untold Story of Bernie Sanders’ 1987 Folk Album”. Rolling Stone. Retrieved February 4, 2016.

^ Blevis, Joe (February 5, 2016). “Bernie Sanders has appeared in not one, but two low-budget rom-coms”. A.V. Club. Retrieved February 5, 2016.

^ Wagner, Meg (February 4, 2016). “Bernie Sanders plays rabbi Manny Shevitz in 1999 romantic comedy, goes on long-winded Brooklyn Dodgers rant”. Daily News. New York. Retrieved February 4, 2016.

^ Sanders, Sam (February 7, 2016). “With A Little Help From Larry David, Bernie Sanders Does SNL”. NPR. Retrieved February 7, 2016.

^ “Can Bernie Sanders’ Dank Meme Stash Swing the Election?”. Retrieved January 21, 2021.

^ Ashkinaze, Josh. “Politicians Should Embrace Internet Memes”. The Oberlin Review. Retrieved January 21, 2021.

^ “The Bernie Sanders Meme Pile on Has Commenced”. Time. Retrieved January 21, 2021.

^ Ewart, Asia. “Bernie Sanders’ Campaign Ad Became A Viral Meme & We Are Here For It”. Retrieved January 21, 2021.

^ “Let the ‘OK Boomer’ Girl Live”. Retrieved January 21, 2021.

^ Romano, Aja (January 20, 2021). “Bernie Sanders inauguration memes are liberal comfort food”. Vox. Retrieved January 21, 2021.

^ Ives, Mike; Victor, Daniel (January 21, 2021). “Bernie Sanders Is Once Again the Star of a Meme”. The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved January 21, 2021.

Further reading

Rall, Ted (2016). Bernie. New York: Hollowbrook Publishing. ISBN 978-1609806989.

Rice, Tom W. (1985). “Who Votes for a Socialist Mayor?: The Case of Burlington, Vermont”. Polity. 17 (4): 795–806. doi:10.2307/3234575. ISSN 0032-3497. JSTOR 3234575. OCLC 5546248357. S2CID 153889856.

Rosenfeld, Steven (1992). Making History in Vermont: The Election of a Socialist to Congress. Wakefield, NH: Hollowbrook Publishing. ISBN 978-0-89341-698-0. LCCN 91034055. OCLC 24468446. OL 1553980M.

Soifer, Steven (1991). The Socialist Mayor: Bernard Sanders in Burlington, Vermont. Westport, CN: Praeger. ISBN 978-0-89789-219-3. LCCN 90048954. OCLC 22491683. OL 1887682M.

External linksOfficial

U.S. Senate website

Campaign website

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Bernie Sanders at Curlie

Column archive at The Huffington Post

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   Hagerty (R)TX:

   Cornyn (R)

   Cruz (R)UT:

   Lee (R)

   Romney (R)VT:

   Leahy (D)

   Sanders (I)VA:

   Warner (D)

   Kaine (D)WA:

   Murray (D)

   Cantwell (D)WV:

   Manchin (D)

   Capito (R)WI:

   Johnson (R)

   Baldwin (D)WY:

   Barrasso (R)

   Lummis (R)   (R) Republican: 50

   (D) Democratic: 48

   (I) Independent: 2vte

Chairs and ranking members of United States Senate committees

Chairs (Democratic)Ranking Members (Republican)

Aging (Special): Bob Casey

Agriculture, Nutrition and Forestry: Debbie Stabenow

Appropriations: Patrick Leahy

Armed Services: Jack Reed

Banking, Housing and Urban Affairs: Sherrod Brown

Budget: Bernie Sanders

Commerce, Science and Transportation: Maria Cantwell

Energy and Natural Resources: Joe Manchin

Environment and Public Works: Tom Carper

Ethics (Select): Chris Coons

Finance: Ron Wyden

Foreign Relations: Bob Menendez

Health, Education, Labor and Pensions: Patty Murray

Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs: Gary Peters

Indian Affairs: Brian Schatz

Intelligence (Select): Mark Warner

International Narcotics Control (Caucus): Dianne Feinstein

Judiciary: Dick Durbin

Rules and Administration: Amy Klobuchar

Small Business and Entrepreneurship: Ben Cardin

Veterans’ Affairs: Jon TesterAging (Special): Tim Scott

Agriculture, Nutrition and Forestry: John Boozman

Appropriations: Richard Shelby

Armed Services: Jim Inhofe

Banking, Housing and Urban Affairs: Pat Toomey

Budget: Lindsey Graham

Commerce, Science and Transportation: Roger Wicker

Energy and Natural Resources: John Barrasso

Environment and Public Works: Shelley Moore Capito

Ethics (Select): James Lankford

Finance: Mike Crapo

Foreign Relations: Jim Risch

Health, Education, Labor and Pensions: Richard Burr

Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs: Rob Portman

Indian Affairs: Lisa Murkowski

Intelligence (Select): Marco Rubio

International Narcotics Control (Caucus): John Cornyn

Judiciary: Chuck Grassley

Rules and Administration: Roy Blunt

Small Business and Entrepreneurship: Rand Paul

Veterans’ Affairs: Jerry Moranvte

Leadership of the United States Senate

President: Kamala Harris (D)

President pro tempore: Patrick Leahy (D)

Majority (Democratic)Minority (Republican)

Chuck Schumer (Leader and Caucus Chair)

Dick Durbin (Whip)

Patty Murray (Assistant Leader)

Debbie Stabenow (Policy/Communications Committee Chair)

Mark Warner and Elizabeth Warren (Caucus Vice Chairs)

Amy Klobuchar (Steering Committee Chair)

Bernie Sanders (Outreach Chair)

Cory Booker and Joe Manchin (Policy/Communications Committee Vice Chairs)

Tammy Baldwin (Caucus Secretary)

Gary Peters (Campaign Committee Chair)

Catherine Cortez Masto (Outreach Vice Chair)

Jeff Merkley and Brian Schatz (Chief Deputy Whips)Mitch McConnell (Leader)

John Thune (Whip)

John Barrasso (Conference Chair)

Roy Blunt (Policy Committee Chair)

Joni Ernst (Conference Vice Chair)

Rick Scott (Campaign Committee Chair)

Mike Lee (Steering Committee Chair)

Mike Crapo (Chief Deputy Whip)

Chuck Grassley (Senate President pro tempore emeritus)vte

United States senators from Vermont

Class 1

M. Robinson




J. Robinson


















Class 3



















Gibson Sr.

Gibson Jr.



Chairs of the United States Senate Committee on Veterans’ Affairs



















Third Party United States senators


William V. Allen (NE)

Marion Butler (NC)

William A. Harris (KS)

Henry Heitfeld (ID)

James H. Kyle (SD)

William A. Peffer (KS)

Silver orSilver Republican

Frank J. Cannon (UT)

Fred Dubois (ID)

John P. Jones (NV)

Lee Mantle (MT)

Richard F. Pettigrew (SD)

William M. Stewart (NV)

Henry M. Teller (CO)


Dean Barkley (Reform–MN)

Elmer Austin Benson (Farmer–Labor—MN)

James L. Buckley (Conservative–NY)

Magnus Johnson (Farmer–Labor—MN)

Robert M. La Follette Jr. (Progressive–WI)

Ernest Lundeen (Farmer–Labor—MN)

William Mahone (Readjuster–VA)

Miles Poindexter (Progressive–WA)

Harrison H. Riddleberger (Readjuster–VA)

Henrik Shipstead (Farmer–Labor—MN)


Harry F. Byrd Jr. (VA)

David Davis (IL)

Jim Jeffords (VT)

Angus King (ME)

Joe Lieberman (CT)

Wayne Morse (OR)

George W. Norris (NE)

Bernie Sanders (VT)

Bob Smith (NH)Portal:Politics

Third party (United States)

Third party officeholders in the United States

Notable third party performances in United States electionsvte

Civil rights movement (1950s and 1960s)

Notableevents(timeline)Prior to 1954

Journey of Reconciliation

Murder of Harry and Harriette Moore

Sweatt v. Painter (1950)

McLaurin v. Oklahoma State Regents (1950)

Baton Rouge bus boycott


Brown v. Board of Education

Bolling v. Sharpe

Briggs v. Elliott

Davis v. County School Board of Prince Edward County

Gebhart v. Belton

Sarah Keys v. Carolina Coach Company

Emmett Till

Montgomery bus boycott

Browder v. Gayle

Tallahassee bus boycott

Mansfield school desegregation

1957 Prayer Pilgrimage for Freedom

“Give Us the Ballot”

Royal Ice Cream sit-in

Little Rock Nine

National Guard blockade

Civil Rights Act of 1957

Katz Drug Store sit-in

Kissing Case

Biloxi wade-ins


New Year’s Day March

Greensboro sit-ins

Nashville sit-ins

Atlanta sit-ins

Sit-in movement

Greenville Eight

Civil Rights Act of 1960

Ax Handle Saturday

Gomillion v. Lightfoot

Boynton v. Virginia

University of Georgia desegregation riot

Rock Hill sit-ins

Robert F. Kennedy’s Law Day Address

Freedom Rides

Garner v. Louisiana

Albany Movement

Cambridge movement

University of Chicago sit-ins

“Second Emancipation Proclamation”

Meredith enrollment, Ole Miss riot

Atlanta’s Berlin Wall

“Segregation now, segregation forever”

Stand in the Schoolhouse Door

1963 Birmingham campaign

Letter from Birmingham Jail

Children’s Crusade

Birmingham riot

16th Street Baptist Church bombing

John F. Kennedy’s speech to the nation on Civil Rights

Detroit Walk to Freedom

March on Washington

“I Have a Dream”

Big Six

St. Augustine movement


Twenty-fourth Amendment

Chester school protests

Bloody Tuesday

1964 Monson Motor Lodge protests

Freedom Summer

workers’ murders

Civil Rights Act of 1964

Heart of Atlanta Motel, Inc. v. United States

Katzenbach v. McClung

1965 Selma to Montgomery marches

“How Long, Not Long”

Voting Rights Act of 1965

Harper v. Virginia Board of Elections

March Against Fear

White House Conference on Civil Rights

Chicago Freedom Movement/Chicago open housing movement

Loving v. Virginia

Memphis sanitation strike

King Bernie Sanders assassination



Civil Rights Act of 1968

Poor People’s Campaign

Green v. County School Board of New Kent County

Jones v. Alfred H. Mayer Co.


Alabama Christian Movement for Human Rights

Atlanta Student Movement

Black Panther Party

Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters

Congress of Racial Equality (CORE)

Committee for Freedom Now

Committee on Appeal for Human Rights

Council for United Civil Rights Leadership

Council of Federated Organizations

Dallas County Voters League

Deacons for Defense and Justice

Georgia Council on Human Relations

Highlander Folk School

Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights

Lowndes County Freedom Organization

Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party

Montgomery Improvement Association


Youth Council

Nashville Student Movement

Nation of Islam

Northern Student Movement

National Council of Negro Women

National Urban League

Operation Breadbasket

Regional Council of Negro Leadership

Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC)

Southern Regional Council

Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC)

The Freedom Singers

United Auto Workers (UAW)

Wednesdays in Mississippi

Women’s Political Council


Ralph Abernathy

Victoria Gray Adams

Zev Aelony

Mathew Ahmann

Muhammad Ali

William G. Anderson

Gwendolyn Armstrong

Arnold Aronson

Ella Baker

James Baldwin

Marion Barry

Daisy Bates

Harry Belafonte

James Bevel

Claude Black

Gloria Blackwell

Randolph Blackwell

Unita Blackwell

Ezell Blair Jr.

Joanne Bland

Julian Bond

Joseph E. Boone

William Holmes Borders

Amelia Boynton

Bruce Boynton

Raylawni Branch

Stanley Branche

Ruby Bridges

Aurelia Browder

H. Rap Brown

Ralph Bunche

Guy Carawan

Stokely Carmichael

Johnnie Carr

James Chaney

J. L. Chestnut

Shirley Chisholm

Colia Lafayette Clark

Ramsey Clark

Septima Clark

Xernona Clayton

Eldridge Cleaver

Kathleen Cleaver

Charles E. Cobb Jr.

Annie Lee Cooper

Dorothy Cotton

Claudette Colvin

Vernon Dahmer

Jonathan Daniels

Angela Davis

Joseph DeLaine

Dave Dennis

Annie Devine

Patricia Stephens Due

Joseph Ellwanger

Charles Evers

Medgar Evers

Myrlie Evers-Williams

Chuck Fager

James Farmer

Walter Fauntroy

James Forman

Marie Foster

Golden Frinks

Andrew Goodman

Robert Graetz

Fred Gray

Jack Greenberg

Dick Gregory

Lawrence Guyot

Prathia Hall

Fannie Lou Hamer

Fred Hampton

William E. Harbour

Vincent Harding

Dorothy Height

Lola Hendricks

Aaron Henry

Oliver Hill

Donald L. Hollowell

James Hood

Myles Horton

Zilphia Horton

T. R. M. Howard

Ruby Hurley

Jesse Jackson

Jimmie Lee Jackson

Richie Jean Jackson

T. J. Jemison

Esau Jenkins

Barbara Rose Johns

Vernon Johns

Frank Minis Johnson

Clarence Jones

J. Charles Jones

Matthew Jones

Vernon Jordan

Tom Kahn

Clyde Kennard

A. D. King

C.B. King

Coretta Scott King

Martin Luther King Jr.

Martin Luther King Sr.

Bernard Lafayette

James Lawson

Bernard Lee

Sanford R. Leigh

Jim Letherer

Stanley Levison

John Lewis

Viola Liuzzo

Z. Alexander Looby

Joseph Lowery

Clara Luper

Danny Lyon

Malcolm X

Mae Mallory

Vivian Malone

Bob Mants

Thurgood Marshall

Benjamin Mays

Franklin McCain

Charles McDew

Ralph McGill

Floyd McKissick

Joseph McNeil

James Meredith

William Ming

Jack Minnis

Amzie Moore

Cecil B. Moore

Douglas E. Moore

Harriette Moore

Harry T. Moore

Queen Mother Moore

William Lewis Moore

Irene Morgan

Bob Moses

William Moyer

Elijah Muhammad

Diane Nash

Charles Neblett

Huey P. Newton

Edgar Nixon

Jack O’Dell

James Orange

Rosa Parks

James Peck

Charles Person

Homer Plessy

Adam Clayton Powell Jr.

Fay Bellamy Powell

Rodney N. Powell

Al Raby

Lincoln Ragsdale

A. Philip Randolph

George Raymond

George Raymond Jr.

Bernice Johnson Reagon

Cordell Reagon

James Reeb

Frederick D. Reese

Walter Reuther

Gloria Richardson

David Richmond

Bernice Robinson

Jo Ann Robinson

Angela Russell

Bayard Rustin

Bernie Sanders

Michael Schwerner

Bobby Seale

Cleveland Sellers

Charles Sherrod

Alexander D. Shimkin

Fred Shuttlesworth

Modjeska Monteith Simkins

Glenn E. Smiley

A. Maceo Smith

Kelly Miller Smith

Mary Louise Smith

Maxine Smith

Ruby Doris Smith-Robinson

Charles Kenzie Steele

Hank Thomas

Dorothy Tillman

A. P. Tureaud

Hartman Turnbow

Albert Turner

C. T. Vivian

Wyatt Tee Walker

Hollis Watkins

Walter Francis White

Roy Wilkins

Hosea Williams

Kale Williams

Robert F. Williams

Andrew Young

Whitney Young

Sammy Younge Jr.

James Zwerg




Sermon on the Mount

Mahatma Gandhi



The Kingdom of God Is Within You

Frederick Douglass

W. E. B. Du Bois

Mary McLeod Bethune


Jim Crow laws

Lynching in the United States

Plessy v. Ferguson

Separate but equal

Buchanan v. Warley

Hocutt v. Wilson

Sweatt v. Painter

Hernandez v. Texas

Loving v. Virginia

African-American women in the movement

Fifth Circuit Four

Brown Chapel

Dexter Avenue Baptist Church

Holt Street Baptist Church

Edmund Pettus Bridge

March on Washington Movement

African-American churches attacked

List of lynching victims in the United States

Freedom songs


“Keep Your Eyes on the Prize”

“Oh, Freedom”

“This Little Light of Mine”

“We Shall Not Be Moved”

“We Shall Overcome”

Spring Mobilization Committee to End the War in Vietnam

“Beyond Vietnam: A Time to Break Silence”

Watts riots

Voter Education Project

1960s counterculture

Eyes on the Prize


In popular culture

Martin Luther King Jr. Memorial

other King memorials

Birmingham Civil Rights National Monument

Freedom Rides Museum

Freedom Riders National Monument

Civil Rights Memorial

National Civil Rights Museum

National Voting Rights Museum

St. Augustine Foot Soldiers Monument


Taylor Branch

Clayborne Carson

John Dittmer

Michael Eric Dyson

Chuck Fager

Adam Fairclough

David Garrow

David Halberstam

Vincent Harding

Steven F. Lawson

Doug McAdam

Diane McWhorter

Charles M. Payne

Timothy Tyson

Akinyele Umoja

Movement photographers

 Civil rights movement portal


Mayors of Burlington, Vermont













Van Patten






























Patriot Act


I · II · III · IV · V · VI · VII · VIII · IX · X (History)

Acts modified

Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968

Electronic Communications Privacy Act

Computer Fraud and Abuse Act

Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act

Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act

Money Laundering Control Act

Bank Secrecy Act

Right to Financial Privacy Act

Fair Credit Reporting Act

Immigration and Nationality Act of 1952

Victims of Crime Act of 1984

Telemarketing and Consumer Fraud and Abuse Prevention Act


George W. Bush

John Ashcroft

Alberto Gonzales

Patrick Leahy

Orrin Hatch

Jon Kyl

Dianne Feinstein

Viet D. Dinh

Joe Biden

Michael Chertoff

Barack Obama

Eric Holder

Chuck Schumer

Lamar Smith

Bob Graham

Jay Rockefeller

Arlen Specter

Mike Oxley

Dick Armey

Paul Sarbanes

Trent Lott

Tom Daschle

Russ Feingold

Ellen Huvelle

Ron Paul

Lisa Murkowski

Ron Wyden

Dennis Kucinich

Larry Craig

John E. Sununu

Richard Durbin

Bernie Sanders

Jerry Nadler

John Conyers Jr.

Butch Otter


Federal Bureau of Investigation

Department of Justice

Select Committee on Intelligence

Department of the Treasury


Department of State

National Institute of Standards and Technology

Customs Service

U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement


American Civil Liberties Union

American Library Association

Center for Democracy and Technology

Center for Public Integrity

Electronic Frontier Foundation

Electronic Privacy Information Center

Humanitarian Law Projectvte

Vermont’s delegation(s) to the 102nd–present United States Congresses (ordered by seniority)

102ndSenate: P. Leahy • J. JeffordsHouse: B. Sanders103rdSenate: P. Leahy • J. JeffordsHouse: B. Sanders104thSenate: P. Leahy • J. JeffordsHouse: B. Sanders105thSenate: P. Leahy • J. JeffordsHouse: B. Sanders106thSenate: P. Leahy • J. JeffordsHouse: B. Sanders107thSenate: P. Leahy • J. JeffordsHouse: B. Sanders108thSenate: P. Leahy • J. JeffordsHouse: B. Sanders109thSenate: P. Leahy • J. JeffordsHouse: B. Sanders110thSenate: P. Leahy • B. SandersHouse: P. Welch111thSenate: P. Leahy • B. SandersHouse: P. Welch112thSenate: P. Leahy • B. SandersHouse: P. Welch113thSenate: P. Leahy • B. SandersHouse: P. Welch114thSenate: P. Leahy • B. SandersHouse: P. Welch115thSenate: P. Leahy • B. SandersHouse: P. Welch116thSenate: P. Leahy • B. SandersHouse: P. Welch117thSenate: P. Leahy • B. SandersHouse: P. Welch

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